摘要：東方果實蠅(Oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel))為台灣主要果樹害蟲之一。由於其危害水果達八十餘種，國內、外持續從事東方果實蠅的生物特性、危害情形與族群分布偵測、誘殺劑運用與蟲害控制管理等研究。傳統上在長時間、大範圍量測各項田間資訊均需耗費相當的人力資源，於田野栽植區應用自動化監測系統擷取相關量測數據仍須克服資訊無法即時得取的缺點。本計畫擬結合自動化感測技術、機電整合技術、WSN無線感測器網路技術、GSM無線資訊傳輸及網際網路技術，進行研發新型東方果實蠅誘引模組，建構田間果園栽植環境監測網路及東方果實蠅棲群密度預警系統。
本年度計畫將包含東方果實蠅WSN-GSM (無線感測器網路－全球行動通訊系統) 區域監測網硬體架構設計與核心組件之研製、東方果實蠅WSN-GSM區域監測網系統性能整合應用、和監測數據分析與處理模式等三部份的研究。其中將設計製作70套具備無線通信功能的東方果實蠅自動化誘捕計數裝置，並搭配7組具自動路由功能之田間閘道器，將誘捕之蟲數和氣候參數回傳至遠端監控主機，並同時進行系統整合應用測試。預計在中、南部地區選樣兩區監測果園，每一區設置3組WSN-GSM監測網，且從番石榴、柑橘、水梨、芒果及楊桃等5種果園任選3種設置為監測的果園。在完成硬體設備研製和佈署後，將針對系統的穩定性、耐候性以及準確性進行評估，並提出改善和解決方案。此外，由於區域監測網採用太陽能進行自主供電，能量耗損的多寡將攸關系統的壽命，因此本計畫將針對監測時間間隔的長短進行最佳規劃，以期降低系統的能量耗損。為使研究人員及相關人員能夠即時查詢區域監測網的資料，本計畫擬提供圖形化網頁介面讓使用者操作，可依照輸入之獲得分析後之數值與各種統計圖表。
Abstract: The oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel)) is one of the top major pests in Taiwan which infests more than 80 different fruits, and some are economically important. Numerous methods, including physical and chemical ones, have been developed over the years. The traditional monitoring techniques which rely on manpower to collect data from trap to trap, point to point are no longer efficient enough for modern pest management. By integrating the latest in sensory chips and microfabrication technology with traditional sensor modules and the pest trapping device, an automated pest and environment monitoring system can be established, together with powerful processing ability. In this project, an automated, wireless pest monitoring system will be developed to serve as the major information source for our agriculture development and insure our competitiveness by integrating the technologies of wireless sensor network (WSN), Global System for Mobile communications (GSM), and internet.
In this year, three major studies are included: the design of Oriental fruit fly WSN-GSM (wireless sensor network－global mobile communication system) regional network hardware architecture and development of core components, the performance integration applications of the Oriental fruit fly WSN-GSM regional monitoring network, and monitoring of data analysis and processing model. We will design and produce 70 sets of wireless communication with the Oriental fruit fly trap automated counting devices, which are capable to colocate 7 groups of field gateway with auto-routing to send the number of trap pests and climate parameters back to the remote monitoring of host. The integration of whole system will also be tested. Two orchards of guava, citrus, pear, mango and starfruit in the central and southern parts of Taiwan will be selected as the monitoring area. Three groups of WSN-GSM network will be set up in each of the two monitoring area. After completing the hardware development and deployment, the stability, weather sustainability and accuracy of the system will be evaluated and improved. Additionally, since the regional monitoring network is solar-powered and the energy consumption is closely related to the life of the system running, the best planning for time interval of each monitoring length is also considered to reduce system energy depletion in this project. To enable researchers and related staff to immediately query the information from the regional monitoring network, the program developed from this project will provide a user-friendly graphical Web interface for operation. Analyzed data and graphics, including statistical tables, charts, histograms and PDF statements will be also displayed according to the parameters of query inputs.