|Title:||DRAM 產業十年興衰 – 探索日本企業管理困境與全球競合趨勢||Authors:||譚仲民
DRAM產業十年興衰 – 探索日本企業管理困境與全球競合趨勢
歷經過去十年的競合，今天的全球DRAM市場已經具備了寡佔的雛形，分佈在韓國、美國、歐洲、日本和大中華區的五個主要DRAM陣營，也各自採取不同的競爭策略。筆者根據目前的產業實況、技術前景，再加上生活用品數位化的趨勢（digital convergence）和快閃記憶體（flash memory）市場的快速成長，在本論文中嘗試歸納、預測未來全球DRAM、記憶體產業的主流趨勢，並針對幾大聯盟廠商的特質和可能的發展方向，提出剖析和個人的看法。
The DRAM Industry’s 10 year rise and decline – an exploration of Japanese Business Management’s difficulties in coping with the trend of worldwide competition Thesis - Abstract
Around 1995, Japanese semiconductor firms including NEC, Toshiba, Hitachi, Fujitsu, and Mitsubishi were at the pinnacle of their success, as they made up the major players in the worldwide DRAM (Dynamic Random Access Memory) industry. These Japanese firms possessed the technology, brand name recognition, capital, experience, market share, and human resources (all necessary conditions) for success in this industry. The first half of the Nineties came to be known as a prosperous time for the Japanese as well as the worldwide DRAM industry. Which leads us to today, and the question why in the last ten years has the total Japanese DRAM industry almost entirely disappeared, with only Elpida surviving, struggling to maintain a meager 10% market share? The thesis that ensues will delve further into the raison d'être.
This thesis will focus on the period between 1995 through 2004. Following our introduction to the DRAM types, applications, development and evolution, and progress, we will then focus on the prospective of Japanese DRAM, as well competition between other DRAM manufactures-through the gathering and organization of statistical market data-in order to illustrate how the worldwide DRAM industry’s rise and fall in the last ten years in what is usually a stable highly capital intensive industry however in actuality it is very volatile industry.
As for the reasoning for the Japanese DRAM industries rise and fall, we will use Powerchip Semiconductor, as well as real world experiences and relationships in both Japan and Taiwan Semiconductor industries, in order to illustrate the central themes in this thesis. Furthermore, due to the nature of the Author’s occupation, it is necessary for participation in various multinational meetings as well as internal discussions or other input from various DRAM insiders. Thus we have organized and compiled these into this investigation of the Japanese enterprise culture and management, along with how this can explain the Japanese DRAM industry’s downfall.
Succeeding ten years of competition, the worldwide DRAM industry today is only a mere fraction of itself with only a few producers left—these being scattered around the world including Korea, United States of America, Europe, Japan, and the greater China region making up the five major DRAM camps, each with their own competitive stratagem. In using the compilation of current industry trends, technology prospective, digital convergence development, as well as our knowledge concerning the rapid growth of the flash memory market, we will try to forecast the future of the worldwide DRAM industry and distinguish probable development trends, while additionally make further suppositions based on our experience and opinions.
Even though this thesis tends to focus on not only statistical data and interviews, but also relative experience, as the focus of its research, the perception involving the future of the DRAM industry as well as the difficulties with Japanese management are identifiable but many of these questions may not be simple in their solution. Furthermore many of these difficulties arrive in the vary nature of corporate Japan’s culture, in its long standing devotion to social responsibility. Therefore these difficulties that occur in Japan’s very unique corporate culture have burdened many Japanese DRAM firms in their strife for profits. However this topic quite complex in nature is not the question that is explored in this thesis, but room for further exploration in further studies.
|Appears in Collections:||管理學院碩士在職專班(EMBA)|
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