THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT ON THE ABILITY OF VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS TO REFUSE ADDICTIVE DRUGS
|Keywords:||青少年成癮藥物;健康促進;實驗設計;成長團體;青少年;addictive drug;health promotion;experimental design;group development;adolescent||Issue Date:||2000||Journal Issue:||n.3||Start page/Pages:||340-352||Source:||醫學教育,v.4||Abstract:||
Addictive drug use not only has a negative impact on personal health, but also adversely affects family and society. Preventing adolescent use of addictive drugs is therefore an important part of public health promotion. In order to increase the ability of students to refuse addictive drugs (drug knowledge, communication skills, refusal skills, and self-efficacy in the avoidance of addictive drugs), a quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention. In the experimental group, group development activities comprising six biweekly sessions of two hours duration were conducted. Pre-test, post test and post-post test data were collected from an experimental group, a comparison in school group, and a comparison out of school group. Group development and the recruitment of university students as group leaders was shown to be helpful for students in the experimental group. Both the impact and delayed effects of drug knowledge were assessed. The impact effect was found to be an improvement in student communication skills while the delayed effect or sleeper effect was found to bean increase in student refusal skills. There was no significant difference between the experimental and comparison in school groups in communication skills post test and refusal skills post-post test, indicating that experimental contamination may have occurred. Overall, continued research focusing on health intervention seems worthwhile. Improvements in study design, implementation, and evaluation of health intervention programs are discussed.
|Appears in Collections:||健康政策與管理研究所|
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