A Community Health Promotion Program Focusing on Anti-smoking
|Keywords:||拒菸;社區營造;健康促進;成長團體;anti-smoking;community building;health promotion;group development||Issue Date:||2005||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||91-103||Source:||醫學教育,9||Abstract:||
The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of a community health promotion program focusing on tobacco control by raising community consciousness, changing smoking behavior and building up an anti-smoking environment. At first, we empowered community core members by group development activities. A five-stage community health promotion program focusing on anti-smoking was followed. Quantitative data collected from a questionnaire survey and qualitative data collected by in-depth interview were used to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention. The results showed that to build a healthy community by focusing on a specific topic is feasible. Community development strategies can increase core members' capabilities, build a healthy environment in the community and establish behavior patterns for the residents. At the end of intervention, no significant decrease in smoking prevalence within the community was found. Nevertheless, half of the participants who took part in the cigarette cessation competition had quit smoking while the rest of them had reduced their level of smoking. In addition, the rate of residents who perceived an anti-smoking environment around them increased after the community intervention. A health promotion program implemented in a community can empower the members' capabilities and help build an anti-smoking environment. The community development model can therefore be applied to various health issues. Nevertheless, it will need a longer time for follow-up and to allow proper evaluation.
|Appears in Collections:||健康政策與管理研究所|
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