The Natural History of Dual Infection with Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis C Virus: A Population-Based Longitudinal Study
|Keywords:||B型肝炎;C型肝炎;DNA;雙重感染;基因型;長期追蹤研究;Hepatitis B;Hepatitis C;Dual infection;DNA;Genotype;Longitudinal study||Issue Date:||2007||Abstract:||
結果：肝細胞癌發生率及肝病死亡率（每10萬人年）在單獨HBsAg陽性、單獨anti-HCV陽性、HBsAg和anti-HCV均陽性、以及兩者均陰性者中依序為296.8和202.9，202.0和39.9，221.9和176.4，以及12.6和9.5。B和C型肝炎病毒雙重感染者在追蹤期間有35名發生慢性肝病（包括肝細胞癌、肝硬化、和ALT持續異常−定義是>=50%的檢體異常）及6名發生肝炎急性發作（ALT>5倍正常值）。B型肝炎病毒量長期維持相當穩定的狀態，基線高病毒量（>=10^4.45 copies/mL）和追蹤期間的慢性肝病為持續高病毒量的預測因子。研究個案具有>=50%的檢體為高病毒量（相對危險性：2.71；95%信賴區間：1.15~6.36）及anti-HCV optical density（相對危險性：1.25；95%信賴區間：1.01~1.55）和慢性肝病顯著相關，而高於10^5.81 copies/mL以上的病毒量和發生肝炎急性發作有強相關（相對危險性：13.36；95%信賴區間：1.49~120.0）。
結論：B和C型雙重感染者罹患肝細胞癌及肝病死亡的危險性接近B型肝炎病毒單一慢性感染者。B型肝炎病毒量呈現長期相當穩定的狀態，持續高病毒量及anti-HCV optical density和慢性肝病發展的危險性有關。
Background and Aims: Taiwan is an endemic area of hepatitis B. Dual infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is not unusual. However, the natural history of dual infection in the population remained unknown. We sought to determine the liver-related morbidity and mortality and the long-term viremia profiles of HBV for dual infection in a population-based longitudinal cohort study.
Materials and Methods: The cohort consisted of 5189 men (2643 HBsAg (+) alone, 176 anti-HCV (+) alone, 161 HBsAg (+) and anti-HCV (+), and 2209 HBsAg (−) and anti-HCV (−)) aged 30 years or older who were enrolled between 1989 and 1992, and followed through December 31, 2005. HBV genotype and DNA levels were measured using polymerase chain reaction-based assays. Plasma HBV DNA levels were assessed for multiple samples consecutively collected from each man with dual infection of HBV and HCV. All statistical tests were two-sided.
Results: The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and liver-related mortality (per 100000 persons) were 296.8 and 202.9, 202.0 and 39.9, 221.9 and 176.4, and 12.6 and 9.5, respectively, in those who were positive for HBsAg alone, those who were positive for anti-HCV alone, those who were positive for HBsAg and anti-HCV, and those who were negative for both markers. During follow-up, 35 men with dual infection developed chronic liver disease (i.e., hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cirrhosis, or longitudinal alanine aminotransferase [ALT] elevation defined as abnormality detected in >=50% of the visits), and 6 had hepatic flare (ALT>5×upper limit of the normal levels). Initial viral load was positively associated with the persistence of high viral load (>=10^4.45 copies/mL). High tracking for viral load, as evidenced by the high predictability of initial viral load, was observed within 6 years. Longitudinal high HBV viral load detected in >=50% of the visits (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=2.71, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.15~6.36) and anti-HCV optical density (adjusted OR=1.25, 95% CI=1.01~1.55) were significantly associated with the development of chronic liver disease. An extremely high viral load (defined as >=10^5.81 copies/mL) (OR=13.36, 95% CI=1.49~120.0) was the only predictor for hepatic flare.
Conclusions: The incidence of HCC and liver-related mortality among men with dual infection were similar to those among men with HBV monoinfection. HBV viral load was fairly stable, as evidenced by long-term persistence of high viral load. Persistently high viral load and anti-HCV optical density were associated with the development of chronic liver disease.
|Appears in Collections:||流行病學與預防醫學研究所|
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