|dc.description.abstract||Purpose: Most hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) are diagnosed at an advanced stage. Hypermethylation of CpG islands in promoter regions is now recognized as an important early event in carcinogenesis and detection of methylated DNA has been suggested as a potential biomarker for early detection of cancer. There are no studies on epigenetic changes in samples from HCC patients before diagnosis. We explored the possible diagnostic value of aberrant promoter hypermethylation of three tumor suppressor genes in serum DNA for early detection of HCC. Experimental Design: Aberrant promoter hypermethylation was investigated in DNA isolated from the serum of 50 HCC patients who provided repeated blood samples before diagnosis and 50 controls enrolled in a cancer screen program in Taiwan. Methylation-specific PCR was used to determine the methylation status of p16, p15, and ras association domain family 1A (RASSF1A). Results: Among cases, aberrant methylation was found in serum DNA 1 to 9 years before clinical HCC diagnosis. RASSF1A had the highest frequency of hypermethylation with 35 (70%) cases having at least one positive sample compared with 22 (44%) for p16 and 12 (22%) for p15. Six subjects were hypermethylation negative for all three genes. For the 50 controls, promoter hypermethylation was found in three and two subjects for RASSF1A and p16, respectively; none had methylation of p15. A receiver operating characteristic curve that included clinical risk factors (age, HBsAg status, anti - hepatitis C virus status, smoking, and alcohol status) and hypermethylation biomarkers gave an overall predictive accuracy of 89% with sensitivity and specificity 84% and 94%, respectively. Conclusions: The analysis of epigenetic changes on RASSF1A, p16, and p15 tumor suppressor genes in serum DNA may be a valuable biomarkers for early detection in populations at high risk of HCC. ? 2007 American Association for Cancer Research.||-|
|dc.relation||ANNALS OF ONCOLOGY,18 SUPPL. 7,VII104-104.||en|
|dc.relation.ispartof||Clinical Cancer Research||-|
|dc.subject.other||biological marker; DNA; hepatitis B surface antigen; protein p15; protein p16; Ras association domain family protein 1A; accuracy; adult; alcohol consumption; article; blood sampling; cancer diagnosis; cancer risk; cancer screening; cigarette smoking; clinical article; controlled study; DNA isolation; female; Hepatitis C virus; human; liver cell carcinoma; male; medical education; methylation; polymerase chain reaction; priority journal; promoter region; receiver operating characteristic; sensitivity and specificity; tumor suppressor gene; Adult; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular; Cohort Studies; DNA Methylation; DNA, Neoplasm; Female; Genes, p16; Humans; Liver Neoplasms; Male; Middle Aged; Predictive Value of Tests; Suppression, Genetic; Tumor Suppressor Proteins||-|
|dc.title||PREDICTING HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA BY DETECTION OF ABERRANT PROMOTER METHYLATION IN SERUM DNA||en|
|Appears in Collections:||流行病學與預防醫學研究所|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.