|Title:||Persistent Cognitive Decline in Older Hospitalized Patients in Taiwan||Authors:||CHEN, CHERYL CHIA-HUI
|Keywords:||acute care;cognitive decline;cognitive impairment;nursing;older hospitalized people||Issue Date:||2010||Journal Volume:||v.66||Journal Issue:||n.9||Start page/Pages:||1991-2001||Source:||JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING||Abstract:||
P>Aim. This paper is a report of a study conducted to determine the prevalence and predictors of persistent and transient cognitive decline in older hospitalized patients over 6 months after hospital discharge. Background. Cognitive decline occurs in 16-35 center dot 5% of older hospitalized patients, but this decline may be persistent rather than transient. Distinguishing persistent from transient cognitive decline is clinically useful. Methods. For this prospective cohort study, 291 older patients were recruited from five medical and surgical units at a tertiary medical centre in Taiwan between 2004 and 2006. Participants were assessed for cognitive status by scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination at admission, discharge, 3 and 6 months postdischarge. Persistent cognitive decline was defined as continuing score reduction and >= 3-point reduction 6 months postdischarge. Transient decline was defined as >= 3-point reduction at some stage, with a total decline < 3 points 6 months postdischarge. Findings. The cognitive status of the majority of participants (57 center dot 4%, n = 167) decreased >= 3 points during follow-up. Of these decliners, 59 (35 center dot 3%) had persistent cognitive decline, with an average 5 center dot 32-point reduction 6 months postdischarge. Forty-six (27 center dot 5 %) participants experienced transient cognitive decline. After multiple adjustments in logistic regression analysis, persistent decline was predicted by no in-hospital functional decline (OR = 0 center dot 16, P = 0 center dot 002), more re-admissions after discharge (OR = 2 center dot 42, P = 0 center dot 020), and older age (OR = 1 center dot 09, P = 0 center dot 048). Conclusion. A new perspective is needed on discharge planning on patients at risk for persistent cognitive decline. Nurses can oversee the delivery of care, identify cognitive decline, refer patients , and educate families on strategies to enhance cognitive functioning for their aging relatives.
|Appears in Collections:||護理學系所|
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