|Title:||Potential Dengue Virus-Triggered Apoptotic Pathway in Human Neuroblastoma Cells: Arachidonic Acid, Superoxide Anion, and Nf-Kappab Are Sequentially Involved||Authors:||JAN, JIA-TSRONG
|Keywords:||Dengue Virus;Apoptotic Pathway;Human Neuroblastoma Cells Arachidonic;Acid Superoxide Anion NF-kB||Issue Date:||2000||Journal Volume:||VIROLOGY||Journal Issue:||n.18||Start page/Pages:||8680-8691||Source:||JOURNAL OF||Abstract:||
Direct in vivo evidence for the susceptibility of human neuronal cells to dengue virus has not been reported. In this study, we demonstrated that type 2 dengue (DEN-2) virus infection induced extensive apoptosis in the human neuroblastoma cell line SK-N-SH. Phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) was activated by DEN-2 infection, which led to the generation of arachidonic acid (AA). Inhibition of PLA(2) activity by the PLA(2) inhibitors, AACOCF(3) and ONO-RS-082, diminished DEN-2 virus-induced apoptosis. In contrast, the cyclooxygenase inhibitors aspirin and indomethacin, thought to increase AA accumulation by blocking AA catabolism, enhanced apoptosis. Exogenous AA induced apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner. Superoxide anion, which is thought to be generated through the AA-activated NADPH oxidase, was increased after infection. Pretreatment with superoxide dismutase (SOD) protected cells against DEN-2 virus-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, generation of superoxide anion was blocked by AACOCF(3). In addition, the transcription factors, NF-kappaB and c-Jun, were found to be activated after DEN-2 virus infection. However, pretreatment of cells with oligodeoxynucleotides containing NF-kappaB, but not c-Jun, binding sites (transcription factor decoy) strongly prevented dengue virus-induced apoptosis. The finding that AACOCF(3) and SOD significantly block activation of NF-kappaB suggests that this activation is derived from the AA-superoxide anion pathway. Our results indicate that DEN-2 virus infection of human neuroblastoma cells triggers an apoptotic pathway through PLA(2) activation to superoxide anion generation and subsequently to NF-kappaB activation. This apoptotic effect can be either directly derived from the action of AA and superoxide anion on mitochondria or indirectly derived from the products of apoptosis-related genes activated by NF-kappaB.
|Appears in Collections:||口腔生物科學研究所|
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