|Title:||The Arg16gly Polymorphism of Human Beta 2-Adrenoreceptor Is Associated with Type 2 Diabetes in Taiwanese People||Authors:||CHUANG, LEE-MING||Keywords:||BETA(3)-ADRENERGIC RECEPTOR GENE;TRP64ARG MUTATION;OBESITY EPIDEMIC;POPULATION;JAPANESE;WEIGHT||Issue Date:||2002||Source:||CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY||Journal Volume:||v.57||Journal Issue:||n.5||Start page/Pages:||685-690||Abstract:||
OBJECTIVE The significance of the association of amino terminal polymorphisms in beta2-adrenoreceptor (ADRB2) with obesity and type 2 diabetes is controversial and differs among ethnic groups. In this study, the association of ADRB2 with risk and age of onset of type 2 diabetes has been examined in a Taiwanese population.DESIGN The study design is a case -control study to investigate the impact of the two amino acid polymorphisms in ADRB2.PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS This study includes 130 patients with type 2 diabetes [ female : male = 1 : 1, age: 52.4 +/- 10.0 years; body mass index (BMI): 24.2 +/- 2.9 kg/m(2); mean +/- SD] and 130 controlled subjects matched for gender, age and BMI with normal glucose tolerance (female : male = 1 : 1, age: 51.7 + /- 10.6 years; BMI: 23.9 +/- 2.7 kg/m(2)). The Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu polymorphisms of ADRB2 were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assays. The genotypic and allelic frequencies between two groups were compared and the relationship between the genotypes and clinical phenotypes was examined.RESULTS A difference in genotypic frequency in the Arg16Gly polymorphism was noted between groups in this gender-, age- and BMI-matched case-control study (P = 0.039) . Multivariate regression analysis revealed that the Arg16 Gly polymorphism was the only independent factor for development of type 2 diabetes (P = 0. 021). In addition, we utilized the log-rank test to compare the differences in age of onset between wildtype and nonwild-type polymorphisms. The Arg16Gly polymorphism was independently associated with age of onset in type 2 diabetes (P = 0.017). There was no difference in the Gln27Glu polymorphism between diabetic and control groups in this study.CONCLUSIONS In a Taiwanese population, homozygosity of Arg16 in the ADRB2 gene was associated with a higher frequency (odds ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 1.34-2.40) for development of type 2 diabetes. Moreover, this polymorphism was also associated with an earlier onset of type 2 diabetes. However, the Glu27 Gln polymorphism had no impact on either BMI or type 2 diabetes in a Taiwanese population.
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