|Title:||Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes in a Primary Care Setting in Taiwan: Comparison with Secondary/Tertiary Care||Authors:||TAI, TONG-YUAN
|Keywords:||Blood pressure control;Diabetes management;Glycemic cont||Issue Date:||2006||Source:||JOURNAL OF THE FORMOSAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION||Journal Volume:||v.105||Journal Issue:||n.2||Start page/Pages:||105-117||Abstract:||
Background: This study investigated the status of diabetes control and management in patients treated in a primary healthcare setting and compared the results with data previously obtained for secondary/tertiary care patients in Taiwan. Methods: This study was conducted at 51 primary healthcare stations randomly selected island-wide in Taiwan in 2001. A total of 1302 type 2 diabetes patients who had been followed-up for more than 1 year were included. Blood was collected for centralized HbA1c assay . The remaining data and information were collected by review of medical records and patient interview. Results: Compared with the results of a previous study on patients treated in a secondary/tertiary care setting, a significantly smaller percentage of primary care patients were receiving insulin therapy. Primary care patients also had a shorter duration of diabetes, a higher HbA1c level, better blood pressure control and a lower prevalence of complications. The proportion of patients achieving optimal control of glycemia and blood pressure was low. Patients aged < 65 years had a significantly shorter duration of diabetes, poorer diabetes control and better blood pressure control than elderly patients aged ≥65 years. Primary care patients aged#8805;65 years had a significantly higher frequency of stroke than those aged < 65 years. The elderly group of secondary/tertiary care patients had a significantly higher frequency of coronary heart disease and stroke. Duration of diabetes and hypertension were the leading risk factors for complications in diabetes patients treated in both primary and secondary/tertiary care settings.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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