|Title:||Immunogenicity and Reactogenicity of a Reduced-Antigen-Content Diphtheria -Tetanus-Acellular Pertussis Vaccine in Healthy Taiwanese Children and Adolescents||Authors:||HUANG, LI-MIN
|Keywords:||Reduced-antigen-content dTpa vaccine;Bordetella pertussis;Taiwan;Booster vaccination;Adolescents||Issue Date:||2005||Journal Volume:||v.37||Journal Issue:||n.6||Start page/Pages:||-||Source:||JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH||Abstract:||
PURPOSE: Disease caused by Bordetella pertussis is increasingly being identified among older children and adults in immunized populations, indicating a waning of the vaccine-induced immunity. These findings suggest the need for booster immunization of older children and adults. Modern acellular reduced-antigen-content vaccines have been developed, which can be given as a booster in individuals more than 4 years of age. This study was to assess the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of Boostrix , GlaxoSmithKline Biologicals' reduced-antigen-content diphtheria-tetanus acellular pertussis (dTpa) vaccine, when administered as a booster in healthy subjects previously primed with DTP vaccine. METHODS: Healthy Taiwanese children and adolescents aged 6-8 years and 15-20 years, previously primed with DTP vaccine, were enrolled. All received one dose of Boostrix. Two blood samples were taken from each of them, one before vaccination and one at 1 month after vaccination. Serum antibodies to diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against the pertussis components PT, FHA and PRN were measured by enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. Adverse reactions following vaccination were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 180 subjects were recruited . The vaccine response rates to the pertussis antigens ranged between 89.0 -100%. There were no serious adverse events reported during the study period. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that Boostrix may be safely and effectively administered as a booster dose to children previously primed with DTP vaccine.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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