|Title:||Misdiagnosis of Homozygous Alpha-Thalassaemia 1 May Occur If Polymerase Chain Reaction Alone Is Used in Prenatal Diagnosis||Authors:||KO, TSANG-MING
|Issue Date:||1997||Journal Volume:||v.17||Journal Issue:||n.6||Start page/Pages:||505-509||Source:||PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS||Abstract:||
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a quite sensitive diagnostic tool but its specificity may be hampered because of contamination of foreign DNA. In order to determine the diagnostic accuracy of PCR in diseases due to gross gene deletion, a total of 180 fetuses at risk of homozygous Southeast Asian deletion (SEA) of alpha-globin genes were included for study. Both PCR and Southern hybridization (SH) were performed. By PCR, three of 43 affected fetuses were misdiagnosed as heterozygotes, four of 50 normal fetuses were misdiagnosed as heterozygotes and four of 87 heterozygotes were misdiagnosed, two as normal and two as affected. Misdiagnosis in affected and normal fetuses was most likely due to maternal DNA contamination while misdiagnosis in heterozygotes was probably due to a failed PCR. In the experiments with PCR in which we added DNA from a carrier woman to an affected or a normal fetus, a level of 1/64 and 1/16 contamination resulted in the appearance of normal and SEA breakpoint sequence respectively. In the SH experiments using artificially contaminated DNA, a level of 1/4 contamination showed the normal and SEA bands respectively; while a contamination level lower than 1/8 and 1/16 respectively did not reveal contamination bands. The high sensitivity of PCR allows it easier to amplify contaminated DNA. For accurate prenatal diagnosis, PCR should be performed very carefully and SH seemed to be a useful backup.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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