|Title:||Partial and Complete Tear of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament Direct and Indirect Mr Signs||Authors:||CHEN, WEI-TSUNG
SHIH, TIFFANY TING-FANG
|Issue Date:||2002||Journal Volume:||v.43||Start page/Pages:||511-516||Source:||ACTA RADIOLOGICA||Abstract:||
Purpose: To analyze MR direct and indirect signs for knees with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) partial or complete tear. Material and Methods: According to documented MR direct and indirect signs for ACL tear, we retrospectively reviewed the incidence of those signs in 15 partial ACL tear and 17 complete ACL tear patients. The findings were also compared with duration of injury (less or more than 6 weeks, as acute or chronic stages). Results: A residual straight and tight ACL fiber in at least one pulse sequence was more frequently detected in partial ACL tears. The empty notch sign, a wavy contour of ACL, bone contusion at lateral compartment and lateral meniscus posterior horn tear were significantly more frequently seen in complete tear cases. The posterior cruciate ligament angle in chronic complete ACL tear cases (109°±20°) had a tendency to be less than in chronic partial ACL tear cases(119±18°). Conclusion: The empty notch sign, a wavy ACL, bone contusion, and posterior horn of lateral meniscus tears are suggestive of a complete ACL tear. A residual straight and tight ACL fiber seen in at least one image section is a helpful sign to diagnosis of partial ACL tear. In the acute ACL injury stage , a focal increase of the ACL signal intensity is more suggestive of a partial ACL tear.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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