|Title:||500 000-Year records of carbonate, organic carbon, and foraminiferal sea-surface temperature from the southeastern South China Sea (near Palawan Island)||Authors:||Chen, Min-Te
|Keywords:||East Asian monsoon; Planktic foraminifer; South China Sea||Issue Date:||2003||Journal Volume:||197||Journal Issue:||1-2||Start page/Pages:||113-131||Source:||Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology||Abstract:||
High-resolution records of planktic foraminifer sea-surface temperature (SST) and biogenic sediment components of carbonate and total organic carbon (TOC) concentrations were determined in an IMAGES giant piston core spanning ∼the last 500 000 years, taken near the western slope of Palawan Island in the southeastern South China Sea (SCS). The records provide information of paleoceanographic and paleoclimatological variations linked to East Asian monsoon systems in the SCS, the largest marginal sea of the western Pacific. Constrained by planktic foraminifer (Globigerinoides ruber) oxygen isotope stratigraphies, the records show a lowering of faunal SST by ∼3°C during glacial stages, indicating significant cooling in the glacial western Pacific climate. In general, they show low-frequency patterns with high SSTs, high carbonate content, and low TOC content during interglacial periods, and exhibit low SSTs, low carbonate content, and high TOC content during glacial periods. The carbonate content variations indicate that the sediment composition is mostly controlled by terrigenous inputs, which are associated with sea-level fluctuations in the SCS during past glacial-interglacial stages. The low SST and high TOC content indicate cooling and high productivity conditions in the surface oceans of the SCS, which also reflect a condition of intensified winter monsoon winds associated with glacial boundary conditions. Some rapid, high-frequency oscillations of the SST and TOC found in the records are coincident with intervals of intensified winter or summer monsoons from the Arabian Sea, implying that the Asian monsoon systems had wider regional effects than previously assumed. Time-series analyses reveal that variations in the SST, carbonate and TOC contents of this record contain statistically significant concentrations of variance at orbital frequency bands, namely 100 kyr-1, 41 kyr-1, and 23 kyr-1, suggesting that both ice volume and orbital solar insolation changes are potential mechanisms for the SCS monsoon variations. © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|DOI:||10.1016/S0031-0182(03)00389-4||SDG/Keyword:||monsoon; organic carbon; paleoceanography; paleoclimate; paleotemperature; planktonic foraminifera; Quaternary; sea surface temperature; South China Sea; Foraminifera; Foraminifera; Globigerinoides ruber; Globigerinoides ruber
|Appears in Collections:||地質科學系|
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