An Analysis of Spatial Differentiation on the Environmental Perception Impact of the Development of Home-stay Industry in Indigenous Villages Smangus and Hsin Kuang as examples
|Keywords:||環境識覺;原住民部落;民宿;司馬庫斯部落;新光部落;Environment Perception;Aboriginal Tribe;Homestay;Smangus Tribes;Hsin-Kuang Tribes||Issue Date:||2006||Abstract:||
本研究採問卷調查法為主訪談為輔，進行資料的收集與分析，主要以設籍於新竹縣尖石鄉司馬庫斯及新光部落的居民，年滿十六歲之現地居民為抽樣母體，進行便利抽樣，正式施測後所蒐集的資料以SPSS 10.0 for Window 套裝軟體處理。資料處理的統計方法包括有描述性統計分析、無母數統計中的Kolmogorov-Smirnov二樣本檢定法來比較差異分析。
To solve the economic depression in aboriginal tribes of Taiwan, the residents try to promote travel service to advance local development. In the process of the development of travel service in the aboriginal tribes, it appeals to many tourists. Although the development of the homestay business in the aboriginal tribes can bring economic profits, it also results in a great impact on social culture and substantial environment. Besides, the residents are the managers of the natural resources as well as the providers of the travel service. This article is about the recognition and attitudes of homestay business in the Smangus and Hsin-Kuang tribes as the reference for the resource keeper.
This research is based on questionnaire research method and assisted by interview research method to conduct the information collecting and analyzing. For convenient sampling, the “mother samplers” are residences who are 16 years old and also had registered in Smangus and Hsin-Kuang tribes in Hsin Zu. The official testing results will be analyzed by a software called SPSS 10.0 for window. There are two kinds of data-analyzing systems; one is descriptive analyzing and Kolmogorov-Smirnov to compare the differences.
The study reveals that most interviewed residents are at the age of 26 to 45 from Taiga tribe. Most of them have junior high school degree and have lived in the tribe for more than 31 years, with income of NT20,000 below. Their major vocations are about agriculture, forestry and cattle-raising industry. Besides, most of them are married and have children. Local residents surely play an important role in the development of the home-stay industry in the aboriginal tribes. They are the managers of natural resources as well as the providers of tourism. However, we have to figure out what kind of position can bring home-stay the development of integrated economics, the essence of environment and the developing of culture. The results from the research had found out that the difference recognition toward the impact on the home-stay industry development for local residence are more positive than negative whether for economic or social influences. After an in-depth research, it can be sure that Smangus use integrated management method successfully brings reconciliation to the conflict among residences, but the conflicts inside Hsin-Kuang tribes keep going. In the the essence environment recognition part, there are no much differences about the negative impacts on two tribes, Smangus is more willing to expand homw-stay industry than Hsin-Kuang tribes. Moreover, in order to protect ecological environment, there are differences between two tribes whether two reduce the benefits and control the visitors from the industry or not. They are the managers of natural resources as well as the providers of tourism. However, we have to figure out what kind of position can bring home-stay the development of integrated economics, the essence of environment and the developing of culture.
Finally, this research suggests that when we develop the homestay business, we should decrease the negative impact of the environment, strengthen the environmental protection, provide the service of guide tour and live out the evaluation of the environment to establish the tribe characteristic as the major goal in terms of the sustainable development.
|Appears in Collections:||地理環境資源學系|
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