THE ACCOMPLISHMENT EVALUATION OF GENERAL SOLID WASTE POLICY - A case of “Pays for Garbage Disposal by the Bag” in Taipei City
|Keywords:||一般固體廢棄物;都市永續發展;經濟誘因;垃圾費隨袋徵收;general solid waste;Per Bag Trash Collection Fee;economic incentive;urban sustainable development;spatial difference||Issue Date:||2005||Abstract:||
“Pays for Garbage Disposal by the Bag” is an economic incentive policy of Taipei. It has been administered for more than four years since July, 2000. According to the statistics from Department of Environmental Protection of Taipei, the amount of general solid disposal has been decreased and the amount of recyclable collection has been increased, after the policy was been enforced.
This research analyzes deeply about the effect of the policy from three specific aspects of urban sustainable development: environment, economy and society. This research further explores citizens’ responses to the policy from all twelve administrative divisions to see whether spatial difference exists or not.
Results of this work show four significant findings. First of all, the amount of general solid disposal has been decreased and influence of policy is the dominant factor among others, such as incomes or environmental knowledge. Second, the executors and acceptors have different recognitions about the price of garbage bag. The executors consider that the garbage fee could not cover the expenditure of waste disposal. However, about 36% policy acceptors consider the bag price should be lower. Third, the public decrease the amount of waste passively by squishing their wastes or disposing them as recycled, other than preventing producing wastes in some positive ways. Fourth, the spatial difference does exist in the effect of this policy. Shilin and Beitou have the greatest amount of trash decrease; dwellers of these two divisions show more understanding about the policy than people in other divisions. Nevertheless, the waste amount is reduced least in Manka. Dwellers of this division show similar degree of knowledge about policy understanding, waste disposal process and policy support as those in other divisions.
This research report suggests policy executors continue popularizing this policy and they should disclosure the revenue and expenditure of waste disposal to the public. Bring plentiful of knowledge to the public and let them fully understand the target and the ways the policy will carry out by administrating various complementary packages positively. Besides following the policy, the public shall decrease the amount of waste constructively and do their best to improve our environment.
|Appears in Collections:||地理環境資源學系|
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