|Title:||Immune checkpoint Ab enhances the antigen-specific anti-tumor effects by modulating both dendritic cells and regulatory T lymphocytes||Authors:||Sun, Nai-Yun
|Keywords:||Anti-CTLA-4 Ab; Anti-PD-1 Ab; Antigen-specific DNA vaccine; Dendritic cell; Regulatory T cell||Issue Date:||1-Mar-2019||Publisher:||ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD||Source:||Cancer letters||Abstract:||
We determined the anti-tumor effects and possible mechanisms of an antigen-specific DNA vaccine combined with PD-1 or CTLA-4 blockade. Using the HPV16 E6/E7+ syngeneic mouse tumor model, we investigated whether anti-CTLA-4 antibody (Ab) or anti-PD-1 Ab increases the antigen-specific anti-tumor effects and immune response induced by CTGF/E7 chimeric DNA vaccine and the possible mechanisms. Anti-PD-1 Ab or anti-CTLA-4 Ab combined with E7-specific DNA vaccine generated more potent antigen-specific immunity, including anti-E7 Abs and the number and cytotoxic activity of E7-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T lymphocytes, and anti-tumor effects than E7-specific DNA vaccine alone. In addition, the number of systemic and intratumoral Tregs was lower with the anti-PD-1 or anti-CTLA-4 Ab and E7-specific DNA vaccine. Furthermore, anti-PD-1 and anti-CTLA-4 Abs could enhance the maturation and abilities of intratumoral DCs to activate E7-specific cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. Immune checkpoint blockade overcomes the immunosuppressive status of the tumor-microenvironment to enhance the antigen-specific immunity and anti-tumor effects generated by an antigen-specific DNA vaccine. Antigen-specific immunotherapy combined with immune checkpoint blockade can be a novel strategy in clinical cancer therapy.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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