|Title:||Diagnostic accuracy of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living for dementia in community-dwelling older adults||Authors:||HUI-FEN MAO
Chang, Ling Hui
Tsai, Athena Yi Jung
Huang, Wen Ni Wennie
Tang, Li Yu
Lee, Huey Jane
Lin, Ker Neng
Wang, Pei Ning
Shyu, Yea Ing Lotus
Chiu, Ming Jang
|Issue Date:||1-Jan-2018||Journal Volume:||47||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||551-557||Source:||Age and Ageing||Abstract:||
© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. Background: many people living with dementia remain underdiagnosed and unrecognised. Screening strategies are important for early detection. Objective: to examine whether the Lawton's Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) scale, compared with other cognitive screening tools-the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Ascertain Dementia 8-item Informant Questionnaire (AD8)-can identify older (≥ 65 years) adults with dementia. Design: population-based cross-sectional observational study. Setting: all 19 counties in Taiwan. Participants: community-dwelling older adults (n = 10,340; mean age 74.87 ± 6.03). Methods: all participants underwent a structured in-person interview. Dementia was identified using National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association core clinical criteria for all-cause dementia. Receiver operator characteristic curves were used to determine the discriminant abilities of the IADL scale, MMSE and AD8 to differentiate participants with and without dementia. Results: we identified 917 (8.9%) participants with dementia, and 9,423 (91.1%) participants without. The discriminant abilities of the MMSE, AD8 and IADL scale (cutoff score: 6/7; area under curve = 0.925; sensitivity = 89%; specificity = 81%; positive likelihood ratio = 4.75; accuracy = 0.82) were comparable. Combining IADL with AD8 scores significantly improved overall accuracy: specificity = 93%; positive likelihood ratio = 11.74; accuracy = 0.92. Conclusions: our findings support using IADL scale to screen older community-dwelling residents for dementia: it has discriminant power comparable to that of the AD8 and MMSE. Combining the IADL and the AD8 improves specificity.
|Appears in Collections:||職能治療學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.