|Title:||Highly zeolite-loaded polyvinyl alcohol composite membranes for alkaline fuel-cell electrolytes||Authors:||Hsu P.-Y.
|Keywords:||Direct alcohol fuel-cell performance;Ionic conductivity;Polymer electrolyte;Zeolite composite||Issue Date:||2018||Journal Volume:||10||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Polymers||Abstract:||
Having a secure and stable energy supply is a top priority for the global community. Fuel-cell technology is recognized as a promising electrical energy generation system for the twenty-first century. Polyvinyl alcohol/zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (PVA/ZIF-8) composite membranes were successfully prepared in this work from direct ZIF-8 suspension solution (0-45.4 wt %) and PVA mixing to prevent filler aggregation for direct methanol alkaline fuel cells (DMAFCs). The ZIF-8 fillers were chosen for the appropriate cavity size as a screening aid to allow water and suppress methanol transport. Increased ionic conductivities and suppressed methanol permeabilities were achieved for the PVA/40.5% ZIF-8 composites, compared to other samples. A high power density of 173.2 mW cm -2 was achieved using a KOH-doped PVA/40.5% ZIF-8 membrane in a DMAFC at 60 ¢XC with 1-2 mg cm -2 catalyst loads. As the filler content was raised beyond 45.4 wt %, adverse effects resulted and the DMAFC performance (144.9 mW cm -2 ) was not improved further. Therefore, the optimal ZIF-8 content was approximately 40.5 wt % in the polymeric matrix. The specific power output was higher (58 mW mg -1 ) than most membranes reported in the literature (3-18 mW mg -1 ). ? 2018 by the authors.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.