|Title:||Electrophoresis of a charge-regulated sphere normal to a large disk||Authors:||Hsu J.-P.
|Issue Date:||2005||Journal Volume:||21||Journal Issue:||16||Start page/Pages:||7588-7597||Source:||Langmuir||Abstract:||
The electrophoresis of a rigid, charge-regulated, spherical particle normal to a large disk is investigated under the conditions of low surface potential and weak applied electric field. We show that, although the presence of a charged disk does not generate an electroosmotic flow, it affects particle motion appreciably through inducing charge on its surface and establishing an osmotic pressure field. The competition between the hydrodynamic force and the electric force may yields a local extremum in mobility; it is also possible that the direction of particle movement is reversed. In general, if a particle remains at constant surface potential, a decrease in the thickness of double layer has the effect of increasing the electrostatic force acting on it so that its mobility increases. However, this might not be the case for a charged-regulated particle because an excess hydrodynamic force is enhanced. For a fixed separation distance, the influence of a charged disk on mobility may reduce to a minimum if the bulk concentration of hydrogen ion is equal to the dissociation constant of the monoprotic acidic functional groups on particle surface. ? 2005 American Chemical Society.
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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