|Title:||Jahn-Teller effect versus spin-orbit coupling: The structure of the free molybdenum pentafluoride molecule||Authors:||Girichev, Georgiy V.
Sliznev, Valery V.
Pimenov, Oleg A.
|Keywords:||Berry pseudorotation | Gas-phase electron diffraction | Jahn-Teller effect | Large-amplitude motion | Molybdenum pentafluoride | Spin-orbit coupling||Issue Date:||5-Jan-2020||Source:||Journal of Molecular Structure||Journal Volume:||1199||Abstract:||
© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) and multiconfigurational quasi-degenerate second-order perturbation (MCQDPT2) calculations have been used to study the ground and low-lying excited electronic states of MoF5. Scalar-relativistic effects and spin-orbit coupling (SOC) have been taken into account employing the third-order Douglas-Kroll-Hess (DKH) Hamiltonian and full Breit-Pauli operator, respectively. The optimization and the calculation of the Hessian matrix have been performed by non-routine procedure employing the symmetry coordinates for all considered (D3h, C2v and C4v) geometrical configurations. The trigonal bipyramidal D3h structure of molybdenum pentafluoride MoF5 possesses two-fold degenerate ground first excited electronic orbital state and undergoes Jahn-Teller distortion to the C2v configurations. Accounting of SOC quenches the JT effect. As a result the D3h structure of MoF5 is no longer the conical intersection of two adiabatic potential energy surfaces (APES) but two separated APES corresponding to ground (12E1/2) and nearest excited (12E3/2) spin-orbit states are appeared instead. The D3h trigonal bipyramidal structure in the ground spin-orbit state corresponds to the 2-nd order saddle point on APES and lies above the minima (C2v structure, 12E1/2 state) by 244 cm−1. The warping barrier (another C2v structure) in the trough of APES and the Berry pseudorotation barrier (C4v structure, ground spin-orbit state 2E3/2) are 19 and 310 cm−1, respectively. Therefore MoF5 molecule is characterized in the gas phase by a large-amplitude motion of fluorine atoms in the equatorial plane and non-rigid intramolecular rearrangement by Berry mechanism. Despite such non-rigid nuclei dynamic, the calculated harmonic frequencies of MoF5 molecule do not contradict to available experimental IR spectrum. The repeat refinement of MoF5 gas electron diffraction data has been carried out using static and pseudoconformer models based on the SO-MCQDPT2 results. Corresponding to only extreme points on APES the configurations have been included into the pseudoconformer model. The both models have been fitted to the experimental data by the same quality.
|Appears in Collections:||日本語文學系|
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