|Title:||Serotonin receptor HTR6-mediated mTORC1 signaling regulates dietary restriction-induced memory enhancement
Serotonin receptor HTR6-mediated mTORC1 signaling regulates dietary restriction-induced memory enhancement
|Issue Date:||2019||Publisher:||PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE||Journal Volume:||17||Journal Issue:||3||Source:||PLoS biology||Abstract:||
Dietary restriction (DR; sometimes called calorie restriction) has profound beneficial effects on physiological, psychological, and behavioral outcomes in animals and in humans. We have explored the molecular mechanism of DR-induced memory enhancement and demonstrate that dietary tryptophan-a precursor amino acid for serotonin biosynthesis in the brain-and serotonin receptor 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 6 (HTR6) are crucial in mediating this process. We show that HTR6 inactivation diminishes DR-induced neurological alterations, including reduced dendritic complexity, increased spine density, and enhanced long-term potentiation (LTP) in hippocampal neurons. Moreover, we find that HTR6-mediated mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling is involved in DR-induced memory improvement. Our results suggest that the HTR6-mediated mTORC1 pathway may function as a nutrient sensor in hippocampal neurons to couple memory performance to dietary intake.
|Appears in Collections:||腦與心智科學研究所|
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