|Title:||White matter endophenotype candidates for ADHD: A diffusion imaging tractography study with sibling design||Authors:||HUEY-LING CHIANG
Hsu, Yung Chin
Shang, Chi Yuan
WEN-YIH ISAAC TSENG
SUSAN SHUR-FEN GAU
|Keywords:||Attention deficit/Hyperactivity disorder | axial diffusivity | diffusion imaging | endophenotype | neuropsychological function||Issue Date:||1-Jan-2019||Source:||Psychological Medicine||Abstract:||
© 2019 Cambridge University Press. BackgroundBrain structural alterations are frequently observed in probands with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Here we examined the microstructural integrity of 76 white matter tracts among unaffected siblings of patients with ADHD to evaluate the potential familial risk and its association with clinical and neuropsychological manifestations.MethodsThe comparison groups included medication-naïve ADHD probands (n = 50), their unaffected siblings (n = 50) and typically developing controls (n = 50, age-and-sex matched with ADHD probands). Whole brain tractography was reconstructed automatically by tract-based analysis of diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI). Microstructural properties of white matter tracts were represented by the values of generalized fractional anisotropy (GFA), fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), radial diffusivity (RD) and axial diffusivity (AD).ResultsCompared to the control group, ADHD probands showed higher AD values in the perpendicular fasciculus, superior longitudinal fasciculus I, corticospinal tract, and corpus callosum. The AD values of unaffected siblings were in the intermediate position between those of the ADHD and control groups. These AD values were significantly associated with ADHD symptoms, sustained attention and working memory, for all white matter tracks evaluated except for the perpendicular fasciculus. Higher FA and lower RD values in the right frontostriatal tract connecting ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (FS-VLPFC) were associated with better performance in spatial span only in the unaffected sibling group.ConclusionsAbnormal AD values of specific white matter tracts among unaffected siblings of ADHD probands suggest the presence of familial risk in this population. The right FS-VLPFC may have a role in preventing the expression of the ADHD-related behavioral phenotype.ClinicalTrials.gov numberNCT01682915.
|Appears in Collections:||醫療器材與醫學影像研究所|
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