|Title:||Estimation and Correction of the Blood Volume Variations of Dried Blood Spots Using a Postcolumn Infused-Internal Standard Strategy with LC-Electrospray Ionization-MS||Authors:||Liao, Hsiao-Wei
|Issue Date:||2016||Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC||Source:||Analytical chemistry||Journal Volume:||88||Journal Issue:||12||Start page/Pages:||6457||Abstract:||
Dried blood spots (DBSs) have had a long history in disease screening in newborns but have gained attention in recent years in the medical care of adults because of the growing importance of personalized medicine. DBSs have several advantages, such as easy transportation, cost-effectiveness, and minimally invasive biological sampling. There are two strategies to process DBS samples. One method takes a fixed diameter of subsample, and another requires the extraction of the whole spot. The whole-spot extraction method is less affected by hematocrit-caused errors, but it requires calibration of the blood volume. We propose a novel strategy using a postcolumn infused-internal standard (PCI-IS) method with liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) for estimating and correcting blood volume variations on the DBS cards. By using PCI-IS to measure the extent of ion suppression in the first ion suppression zone in the chromatogram, the blood volume on the DBS cards can be calculated and further calibrated. We used reference blood samples with different volumes (5 to 25 μL) to construct a calibration curve between the blood volume and the extent of ion suppression. The calibration curve was used to estimate the blood volume on the DBS cards collected from 6 volunteers, with 5 designated volumes from each volunteer. The estimation accuracy of the PCI-IS method was between 74.5% and 120.3%. The validated PCI-IS method was used to estimate and calibrate blood volume variation and also to quantify the voriconazole concentration for 26 patients undergoing voriconazole therapy. A high correlation was found for the quantification results between the DBS samples and the conventionally used plasma samples (r = 0.97). The PCI-IS method was demonstrated to be a simple and accurate method for estimating and calibrating the blood volume variation on DBS cards, which greatly facilitates using the DBS method for therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) for improving the efficacy and safety of drug therapy.
|Appears in Collections:||臨床藥學研究所|
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