|Title:||Value of homodyned K distribution in ultrasound parametric imaging of hepatic steatosis: An animal study||Authors:||Zhou, Zhuhuang
|Keywords:||Fatty liver; Hepatic steatosis; Homodyned K distribution; Ultrasound imaging||Issue Date:||31-Aug-2019||Publisher:||Elsevier B.V.||Journal Volume:||101||Source:||Ultrasonics||Abstract:||
Ultrasound is the first-line tool for screening hepatic steatosis. Statistical distributions can be used to model the backscattered signals for liver characterization. The Nakagami distribution is the most frequently adopted model; however, the homodyned K (HK) distribution has received attention due to its link to physical meaning and improved parameter estimation through X- and U-statistics (termed "XU"). To assess hepatic steatosis, we proposed HK parametric imaging based on the α parameter (a measure of the number of scatterers per resolution cell) calculated using the XU estimator. Using a commercial system equipped with a 7-MHz linear array transducer, phantom experiments were performed to suggest an appropriate window size for α imaging using the sliding window technique, which was further applied to measuring the livers of rats (n = 66) with hepatic steatosis induced by feeding the rats a methionine- and choline-deficient diet. The relationships between the α parameter, the stage of hepatic steatosis, and histological features were verified by the correlation coefficient r, one-way analysis of variance, and regression analysis. The phantom results showed that the window side length corresponding to five times the pulse length supported a reliable α imaging. The α parameter showed a promising performance for grading hepatic steatosis (p < 0.05; r2 = 0.68). Compared with conventional Nakagami imaging, α parametric imaging provided significant information associated with fat droplet size (p < 0.05; r2 = 0.53), enabling further analysis and evaluation of severe hepatic steatosis.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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