|Title:||A critical role of autophagy in regulating the mesenchymal transition of ductular cells in liver cirrhosis||Authors:||Hung, Tzu-Min
|Issue Date:||23-Jul-2019||Publisher:||NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP||Journal Volume:||9||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Scientific reports||Abstract:||
Our previous studies have shown that autophagy mediates the link between ductular reaction (DR) and liver cirrhosis. Whether the subsequent fibrogenic response is regulated by increased autophagy in DR remains unclear. Here, using both human liver specimens and a rat model of liver cirrhosis induced by 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) and carbon tetrachloride (CCL4), we explored the involvement of autophagy in regulating mesenchymal transition of ductular cells. Ductular cells from AAF/CCL4 livers exhibited increased autophagy compared to those of normal livers. These cells showed morphological and functional characteristics of mesenchymal cells. Blocking autophagy using bafilomycin A1 or siRNA targeting ATG7 reduced the expression of mesenchymal markers in these ductular cells from AAF/CCL4 livers, indicating a role for autophagy in regulating the mesenchymal phenotype of ductular cells. Furthermore, we show that the mesenchymal transition in DR requires the activation of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling in an autophagy-dependent manner. Importantly, in cirrhotic human livers, ductular cells that are positive for LC3B also showed increased expression of TGF-β and fibroblast-specific protein-1. Our data suggest activation of autophagy in ductular cells, and also demonstrate that it is required for the mesenchymal transition during the DR, processes that are critically involved in the pathogenesis of cirrhosis.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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