|Title:||Analysis of nondegraded and degraded DNA mixtures of close relatives using massively parallel sequencing||Authors:||Hwa, Hsiao-Lin
Lee, James Chun-I
|Keywords:||DNA mixture; EuroForMix; Massively parallel sequencing; Short random repeat; Single nucleotide polymorphism; relMix||Issue Date:||Feb-2020||Journal Volume:||42||Source:||Legal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)||Abstract:||
Identification of the minor contributor in DNA mixture of close relatives remains a dilemma in forensic genetics. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) can analyze multiple short tandem repeats (STRs) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) concurrently and detect non-overlapping alleles of the minor contributors in DNA mixtures. A commercial kit for MPS of 59 identity informative STRs (iiSTRs) and 94 autosomal identity-informative SNPs (iiSNPs) was used to analyzed 34 nondegraded and 33 highly degraded two-person artificial DNA mixtures of close relatives with various minor to major ratios (1:9, 1:19, 1:29, 1:39, 1:79, 1:99). EuroForMix software was used to determine the minor contributors in the mixtures based on the likelihood ratios calculated from the MPS data, and relMix software was used to perform kinship analysis of the contributors. The STRs and SNPs of the 34 nondegraded and 33 degraded DNA mixtures were genotyped using MPS. Using EuroForMix based on the genotypes of autosomal iiSTRs and autosomal iiSNPs, 82.4% (28/34) and 54.5% (18/33) of minor donors could be accurately assigned for the nondegraded and degraded DNA mixtures, respectively. The relMix software correctly inferred the relationship between contributors in 97.1% (33/34) of nondegraded mixtures and in 97.0% (32/33) of degraded mixtures. In conclusion, combined EuroForMix and MPS data of STRs and SNPs can assist in the assignment of minor donors in nondegraded DNA mixtures of close relatives, and relMix can be used to infer relationship among contributors.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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