|Title:||Three-Dimensional Echocardiography-Derived Non-Invasive Right Ventricular Pressure-Volume Analysis||Authors:||KUAN-CHIH HUANG
|Keywords:||Pressure-volume loop; Pulmonary hypertension; Three-dimensional echocardiography||Issue Date:||2017||Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC||Journal Volume:||43||Journal Issue:||9||Start page/Pages:||2045||Source:||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology||Abstract:||
© 2017 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology In patients with pulmonary hypertension, repeated evaluations of right ventricular (RV) function are still required for clinical decision making, but the invasive nature of current pressure-volume analysis makes conducting regular follow-ups in a clinical setting infeasible. We enrolled 12 patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and 10 with pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH) May 2016–October 2016. All patients underwent a clinically indicated right heart catheterization (RHC), from which the yielded right ventricular pressure recordings were conjugated with RV volume by 3-D echocardiography to generate a pressure-volume loop. A continuous-wave Doppler envelope of tricuspid regurgitation was transformed into a pressure gradient recording by the simplified Bernoulli equation, and then a systolic pressure gradient-volume (PG-V) diagram was generated from similar methods. The area enclosed by the pressure-volume loop was calculated to represent semi-invasive right ventricular stroke work (RVSWRHC). The area between the PG-V diagram and x-axis was calculated to estimate non-invasive RVSW (RVSWecho). Patients with PAH have higher RV pressure, lower pulmonary arterial wedge pressure and larger RV volume that was contributed by the dilation of RV mid-cavity minor dimension. We found no significant difference of traditional parameters between these two groups, but RVSW values were significantly higher in PAH patients. The RVSW values of these two methods were significantly correlated by the equation RVSWecho = 0.8447 RVSWRHC + 129.38 (R2 = 0.9151, p < 0.001). The linearity remained satisfactory in both groups. We conclude that a PG-V diagram is a reliable method to estimate RVSW and to depict pathophysiological status.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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