|Title:||Validity of the study of osteoporotic fractures index (sof index): Cases of community-dwelling older adults and older adults living alone
Study of Osteoporotic Fractures（SOF Index）衰弱量表的效度驗證－一般社區長者以及獨居長者的應用
Lin, Li Ling
|Keywords:||Comparison of frailty index | Criterion-related validityt old adults living alone | Frailty||Issue Date:||1-Dec-2019||Journal Volume:||38||Journal Issue:||6||Source:||Taiwan Journal of Public Health||Abstract:||
© 2019 Chinese Public Health Association of Taiwan. All rights reserved. Objectives: To measure the degree of frailty in older adults, it is common to use Frieds frailty phenotype index in Taiwan and advanced countries, whereas the Taiwanese government uses the Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF) index. This study aimed to compare the consistency between SOF index and Frieds frailty phenotype index to assess frailty in general community-dwelling older adults and those living alone in one district in Taipei City, Taiwan. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey study. Purposive sampling was employed to collect data from 471 older adults living in Taipei City, including 369 community-dwelling older adults living with families and 102 living alone. Spearmans rank correlation analysis was employed to assess the concurrent validities of the two indices in all elderly by residential status , community- dwelling older adults, and those living alone. Results: There was a moderate association between Frieds frailty phenotype index and SOF index in all older adults (r = 0.51∗), community-dwelling older adults (r = 0.53∗), and those living alone (r = 0.44∗). When the indicator of slowness from the Frieds frailty phenotype index was included in the SOF index, the value between the two indices increased for all older adults (r = 0.70∗), community-dwelling adults (r = 0.72"), and older adults living alone (r = 0.56∗). Conclusions: The SOF index can be a valid screening tool to evaluate frailty for older adults in Taiwan, consistent with results from advanced countries. Adding the indicator of slowness to SOF index is recommended as effective frailty screening tool. .
|Appears in Collections:||健康行為與社區科學研究所|
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