|Title:||Amebiasis among persons who sought voluntary counseling and testing for human immunodeficiency virus infection: A case-control study||Authors:||CHIEN-CHING HUNG
|Issue Date:||2011||Journal Volume:||84||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||65-69||Source:||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene||Abstract:||
This case-control study aimed to characterize the factors associated with amebiasis, defined as presence of anti-Entamoeba histolytica antibody titers of ? 128 by indirect hemagglutination assay, among persons seeking voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Between April 2006 and September 2009, 57 of 4,802 persons (1.2%) seeking VCT services were seropositive for E. histolytica infection. Compared with 228 seronegative controls, case subjects were older (odds ratio [OR] for per 1-year increase, 1.098; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.036, 1.165), less likely to hold bachelor degree or higher (OR, 0.359; 95% CI, 0.152, 0.846), and were more likely to be men who have sex with men (MSM) (OR, 8.382; 95% CI, 2.050, 34.266) and have oral-anal sex (OR, 4.016; 95% CI, 1.711, 9.427) in multiple logistic regression analysis. The MSM, fecal-oral contamination, lower educational achievement, and older age were associated with increased risk for amebiasis among persons seeking VCT for HIV infection. Copyright ? 2011 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
|URI:||https://scholars.lib.ntu.edu.tw/handle/123456789/503553||ISSN:||0002-9637||DOI:||10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0238||SDG/Keyword:||diiodohydroxyquin; metronidazole; paromomycin; protozoon antibody; adult; aged; amebiasis; anilingus; antibody titer; article; case control study; controlled study; counseling; Entamoeba histolytica; female; health program; help seeking behavior; hemagglutination test; human; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; major clinical study; male; male homosexual; multivariate logistic regression analysis; nonhuman; serology; voluntary counseling and testing; aging; amebiasis; blood; Entamoeba histolytica; epidemiology; homosexuality; Human immunodeficiency virus infection; immunology; risk; risk factor; statistical model; Entamoeba histolytica; Human immunodeficiency virus; Adult; Aging; Antibodies, Protozoan; Case-Control Studies; Entamoeba histolytica; Entamoebiasis; Female; HIV Infections; Homosexuality, Male; Humans; Logistic Models; Male; Odds Ratio; Risk Factors; Seroepidemiologic Studies
|Appears in Collections:||醫學檢驗暨生物技術學系|
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