|Title:||In Vitro Synergism of Rifabutin with Clarithromycin, Imipenem, and Tigecycline against the Mycobacterium abscessus Complex||Authors:||ARISTINE CHENG
Tsai, Yi Tzu
Chang, Shu Yuan
|Keywords:||Imipenem | In vitro synergy | Macrolide resistance | Mycobacterium abscessus | Rifabutin||Issue Date:||1-Apr-2019||Publisher:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY||Journal Volume:||63||Journal Issue:||4||Source:||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy||Abstract:||
Copyright © 2019 American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Infections caused by the difficult-to-treat bacterium Mycobacterium abscessus are increasing in frequency. Rifabutin, in contrast to rifampin, appears to be active in vitro against M. abscessus, especially against clarithromycin-resistant strains. However, explorations for potential synergy between rifabutin and available antimicrobials are currently limited. In vitro synergism between rifabutin and 10 antimicrobials was evaluated in 31 mycobacterial strains by the checkerboard method. The fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) was calculated for each rifabutin-based combination. The colony morphology was recorded. Molecular methods for determination of the M. abscessus subspecies and analysis of macrolide resistance were performed by sequencing of the secA1, rpoB, hsp65, erm(41), and rrl genes. Rifabutin yielded an MIC50 of 16 mg/liter (range, 2 to 32 mg/liter) against 26 clinical M. abscessus isolates (comprising 13 M. abscessus subsp. abscessus and 13 M. abscessus subsp. massiliense isolates) and 5 reference strains, including M. abscessus subsp. abscessus ATCC 19977, M. abscessus subsp. bolletii BCRC 16915, M. abscessus subsp. massiliense BCRC 16916, M. chelonae ATCC 35752, and M. peregrinum ATCC 700686. Significant synergism, classified by an FICI of 0.5, was demonstrated for the combinations of rifabutin and imipenem in 100% of M. abscessus subsp. abscessus and 69% of M. abscessus subsp. massiliense isolates, and significant synergism for rifabutin and tigecycline was demonstrated in 77% of M. abscessus subsp. abscessus and 69% of M. abscessus subsp. massiliense isolates. Among the 6 clarithromycin-resistant (MICs 8 mg/liter) M. abscessus subsp. abscessus isolates, the combination of rifabutin and clarithromycin was 100% synergistic. Rifabutin showed promising in vitro synergism with first-line anti-M. abscessus agents, especially for macrolide-resistant M. abscessus subsp. abscessus isolates.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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