|Title:||Clinical Manifestations and Outcomes of Patients with Sarcomatoid Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Authors:||Liao S.-H.
|Issue Date:||2019||Journal Volume:||69||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||209-221||Source:||Hepatology||Abstract:||
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Sarcomatoid HCC is a rare histological subtype of HCC with largely unclear clinical manifestations and outcomes. We evaluated the clinical manifestations and outcomes of patients with sarcomatoid HCC. We identified 5,047 patients with histologically proven HCC from the Cancer Registry Database (1996-2016) of National Taiwan University Hospital. Among them, 40 patients with sarcomatoid HCC were identified from the pathology database of National Taiwan University Hospital. We included 160 patients with nonsarcomatoid HCC through propensity score matching according to sex, age, and Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage. The majority of these patients with sarcomatoid HCC were men (75%); their median age was 58 years. Only 47.5% of the patients with sarcomatoid HCC presented with typical image patterns of HCC. The pathological grading of sarcomatoid HCC was more advanced compared with that of nonsarcomatoid HCC (42.5% vs. 23.8% in grade III and IV, P < 0.0001). The sarcomatoid group had significantly shorter median recurrence-free (13.3 vs. 84.2 months, log-rank P < 0.0001) and overall (8.3 vs. 69.3 months, log-rank P < 0.0001) survival than did the nonsarcomatoid group. The results of the multivariable Cox proportional hazard model revealed histological sarcomatoid subtype as an independent factor for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 6.47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.12-13.43; P < 0.0001) and tumor recurrence (HR, 4.08; 95% CI, 1.72-9.66; P = 0.001). Conclusion: Compared with nonsarcomatoid HCC, sarcomatoid HCC was associated with more advanced histological grades and atypical image patterns. Histological sarcomatoid subtype is an independent predictor of tumor recurrence after curative treatment and all-cause mortality in patients with HCC. ? 2018 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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