|Title:||Association of day 4 cumulative fluid balance with mortality in critically ill patients with influenza: A multicenter retrospective cohort study in Taiwan||Authors:||Chao W.-C.
|Issue Date:||2018||Publisher:||Public Library of Science||Journal Volume:||13||Journal Issue:||1||Start page/Pages:||e0190952||Source:||PLoS ONE||Abstract:||
Background Fluid balance is a fundamental management of patients with sepsis, and this study aimed to investigate the impact of cumulative fluid balance on critically ill patients with influenza admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted by the Taiwan Severe Influenza Research Consortium (TSIRC) which includes eight medical centers. Patients with virology-proven influenza infection admitted to ICUs between October 2015 and March 2016 were included for analysis. Results A total of 296 patients were enrolled (mean age: 61.4±15.6 years; 62.8% men), and 92.2% (273/296) of them required mechanical ventilation. In the survivors, the daily fluid balance was positive from day 1 to day 3, and then gradually became negative from day 4 to day 7, whereas daily fluid balance was continuously positive in the non-survivors. Using the cumulative fluid balance from day 1–4 as a cut-off point, we found that a negative cumulative day 1–4 fluid balance was associated with a lower 30-day mortality rate (log-rank test, P = 0.003). To evaluate the impact of shock on this association, we divided the patients into shock and non-shock groups. The positive correlation between negative day 1–4 fluid balance and mortality was significant in the non-shock group (log-rank test, P = 0.008), but not in the shock group (log-rank test, P = 0.396). In a multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model adjusted for age, sex, cerebrovascular disease, and PaO2/FiO2, day 1–4 fluid balance was independently associated with a higher 30-day mortality rate (aHR 1.088, 95% CI: 1.007–1.174). Conclusions A negative day 1–4 cumulative fluid balance was associated with a lower mortality rate in critically ill patients with influenza. Our findings indicate the critical role of conservative fluid strategy in the management of patients with complicated influenza. ? 2018 Chao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
|ISSN:||1932-6203||DOI:||10.1371/journal.pone.0190952||SDG/Keyword:||adult; APACHE; artificial ventilation; cohort analysis; controlled study; critically ill patient; cumulative fluid balance; electronic medical record; extracorporeal oxygenation; female; fluid balance; hospital admission; human; influenza A; influenza B; informed consent; intensive care unit; major clinical study; male; mortality rate; multicenter study; retrospective study; Review; Taiwan; aged; clinical trial; critical illness; electrolyte balance; epidemiology; influenza; middle aged; mortality; pathophysiology; Aged; Critical Illness; Female; Humans; Influenza, Human; Intensive Care Units; Male; Middle Aged; Retrospective Studies; Taiwan; Water-Electrolyte Balance
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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