|Title:||Assessment of menopause-induced myocardial changes by integrated backscatter during inotropic stimulation and atropine injection||Authors:||YI-LWUN HO
|Issue Date:||2002||Journal Volume:||28||Journal Issue:||7||Start page/Pages:||889-895||Source:||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology||Abstract:||
Estradiol has been considered as an L-type calcium channel blocker in animal studies. The concentration of estradiol decreases after menopause. Therefore, we hypothesized that human myocardial functional changes developed after menopause, and those changes could be evaluated through the use of cyclic variation of integrated backscatter (CVIBS). A total of 16 patients with menopause (native and surgical menopause), follicular stimulating hormone > 40 IU/L and estradiol < 20 pg/mL underwent dobutamine stress IBS examination (study group). Another 12 women with normal menstruation, follicular stimulating hormone < 40 IU/L and estradiol > 20 pg/mL were enrolled as a control group. All patients had a low likelihood of coronary artery disease and negative results of dobutamine stress echocardiography and 201thallium scintigraphy. To avoid the phenomenon of anisotropy, the amplitude and phase of IBS were acquired only in the midanteroseptal segment from the parasternal short axis view. The baseline amplitudes of CVIBS differed between the control and study groups (5.9 ± 1.2 dB vs. 8.1 ± 2.1 dB; p = 0.007). The amplitudes during low-dose (20 μg/kg-min) and peak-dose (40 μg/kg-min) dobutamine infusion were also different between these 2 groups (5.7 ± 0.9 dB vs. 8.4 ± 1.7 dB; p < 0.001; 6.0 ± 1.0 dB vs. 7.7 ± 2.4 dB; p = 0.026). However, there were no significant differences in amplitudes between these two groups after atropine injection (control group 4.5 ± 1.2 dB, study group 5.3 ± 1.0 dB; p = NS). No significant differences of phase were found either at baseline or under dobutamine infusion between the two groups. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that only menopause status associated significantly with the amplitudes at different doses of dobutamine infusion (p < 0.05). In conclusion, human myocardial functional changes are observed by CVIBS after menopause. Postmenopausal women have higher values of amplitude than premenopausal women. These phenomena persist during low and peak doses of dobutamine infusion, but are abolished by atropine injection. ? 2002 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology.
|ISSN:||0301-5629||DOI:||10.1016/S0301-5629(02)00529-X||SDG/Keyword:||Backscattering; Diseases; Echocardiography; Patient treatment; Channel blockers; Ultrasonics; atropine; dobutamine; estradiol; follitropin; high density lipoprotein; low density lipoprotein; thallium 201; adult; anisotropy; article; clinical article; coronary artery disease; electrocardiography; female; heart function; human; infusion; inotropism; linear regression analysis; menstruation; postmenopause; premenopause; priority journal; scintigraphy; stress echocardiography; Adult; Atropine; Cardiotonic Agents; Dobutamine; Echocardiography; Female; Humans; Menopause; Middle Aged; Myocardium; Observer Variation; Parasympatholytics
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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