|Title:||Clustering of Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies pasteurianus bacteremia and meningitis in neonates||Authors:||Chen W.-C.
|Issue Date:||2020||Publisher:||Elsevier Ltd||Source:||Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection||Abstract:||
Background/purpose: Although Streptococcus gallolyticus subspecies pasteurianus (SGSP) is a rare pathogen in children, it can cause invasive infections among neonates and infants. Herein, we report bacteremia/meningitis caused by SGSP in three neonates and review the literature on bacteremia and/or meningitis caused by this organism. Methods: Three neonates, referred from an obstetrics clinic within a 2-month period, presented with invasive SGSP infections. The bacterial isolates were analyzed using Bruker Biotyper MALDI-TOF, sequencing of 16S rRNA and sodA genes (encoding manganese dependent superoxide dismutase), and PCR restriction fragment length polymorphism assay of groESL gene. Molecular typing was performed to evaluate the genetic relatedness. Results: The median onset age of infection in the three neonates was 3 days (range 2–5 days). They were delivered through cesarean section in the same operation room under different doctors, and were cared for by different nurses. Patient A presented with bacteremia, patient B with bacteremia and meningitis, and patient C with meningitis. Four isolates were identified as SGSP and were susceptible to penicillin G, cefotaxime, and vancomycin. All patients were treated with ampicillin plus cefotaxime for 14 days, and no complications were observed. The molecular typing results suggested that all isolates belonged to a single clone, which indicated the possibility of an outbreak in the obstetrics clinic. Conclusion: Infection by a rare pathogen such as SGSP in multiple patients belonging to a single healthcare unit indicates that detailed investigation and stringent infection control policy are necessary for preventing further outbreaks of such diseases. ? 2020
|ISSN:||1684-1182||DOI:||10.1016/j.jmii.2020.07.004||SDG/Keyword:||antiinfective agent; bacterial protein; RNA 16S; bacteremia; case report; cluster analysis; cross infection; drug effect; female; genetics; human; isolation and purification; male; meningitis; microbial sensitivity test; microbiology; newborn; Streptococcus; Streptococcus infection; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Bacteremia; Bacterial Proteins; Cluster Analysis; Cross Infection; Female; Humans; Infant, Newborn; Male; Meningitis; Microbial Sensitivity Tests; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; Streptococcal Infections; Streptococcus
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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