|Title:||Large isoform of mammalian relative of dnaJ is a major determinant of human susceptibility to HIV-1 infection||Authors:||Chiang Y.-P.
Arthur Chen Y.-M.
|Issue Date:||2014||Publisher:||Elsevier B.V.||Journal Volume:||1||Journal Issue:||2月3日||Start page/Pages:||126-132||Source:||EBioMedicine||Abstract:||
Individual differences in susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection have been of interest for decades. We aimed to determine the contribution of large isoform of Mammalian DnaJ (MRJ-L), a HIV-1 Vpr-interacting cellular protein, to this natural variation. Expression ofMRJ-L in monocyte-derived macrophages was significantly higher in HIV-infected individuals (n=31) than their uninfected counterparts (n=27) (p= 0.009). Fifty male homosexual subjects (20 of them are HIV-1 positive) were further recruited to examine the association between MRJ-L levels and occurrence of HIV infection. Bayesian multiple logistic regression revealed that playing a receptive role and increased levels of MRJ-L in macrophages were two risk factors for HIV-1 infection. A 1% rise in MRJ-L expression was associated with a 1.13 fold (95% CrI 1.06-1.29) increase in odds of contracting HIV-1 infection. Ex vivo experiments revealed that MRJ-L facilitated Vpr-dependent nuclear localization of virus. Infection ofmacrophage-tropic strain is a critical step in HIV-1 transmission.MRJ-L is a critical factor in this process; hence, subjects with higher macrophage MRJ-L levels are more vulnerable to HIV-1 infection. ? 2014 The Authors.
|ISSN:||2352-3964||DOI:||10.1016/j.ebiom.2014.10.002||SDG/Keyword:||lentivirus vector; phorbol 13 acetate 12 myristate; phytohemagglutinin; protein DnaJ; Vpr protein; adult; Article; CD4+ T lymphocyte; controlled study; disease association; disease predisposition; enzyme immunoassay; enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; genetic susceptibility; genetic transfection; homosexual male; human; Human immunodeficiency virus 1 infection; infection sensitivity; macrophage; major clinical study; male; men who have sex with men; priority journal; protein expression; questionnaire; risk factor; sequence analysis; serology; unsafe sex; Western blotting
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.