|Title:||Helicobacter pylori infection and the risk of gastric malignancy||Authors:||Hsu P.-I.
|Issue Date:||2007||Journal Volume:||102||Journal Issue:||4||Start page/Pages:||725-730||Source:||American Journal of Gastroenterology||Abstract:||
OBJECTIVE: This prospective cohort study investigated the impact of Helicobacter pylori infection on the development of various gastric malignancies. METHODS: We prospectively followed up 1,225 dyspeptic Taiwanese who had nonulcer dyspepsia, gastric ulcers, or duodenal ulcers at enrollment. Among them, 618 (50.4%) had H. pylori infection and 607 (49.6%) did not. Patients underwent endoscopy at enrollment and at 1- to 3-yr intervals thereafter. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 6.3 yr, gastric adenocarcinoma developed in 7 of the 618 H. pylori-infected patients, but in none of the 607 uninfected patients (1.1% vs 0.0%, P = 0.015). The incidence of gastric lymphoma was 0.2% (1/618) and 0% in H. pylori-infected and uninfected patients. Taken together, the development rate of gastric malignancy in H. pylori-infected patients was significantly higher than that in uninfected patients (1.3% vs 0%, P = 0.007). Among H. pylori-infected subjects, the incidence of gastric malignancy was similar between those receiving and not receiving eradication therapy (1.4% vs 1.2%). Multivariate analysis showed that intestinal metaplasia was the only independent factor predicting subsequent development of gastric malignancy in H. pylori-infected subjects with an odds ratio of 4.5 (95% CI 1.1-19.1). CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective cohort study, all gastric malignancies, including adenocarcinoma and lymphoma, developed in H. pylori-infected patients. The finding implies that H. pylori is a necessary cause of most gastric malignancies. Follow-up for H. pylori-infected patients who have intestinal metaplasia is indicated. ? 2007 by Am. Coll. of Gastroenterology.
|ISSN:||0002-9270||DOI:||10.1111/j.1572-0241.2006.01109.x||SDG/Keyword:||adult; aged; article; cancer incidence; cancer risk; controlled study; duodenum ulcer; dyspepsia; eradication therapy; female; follow up; gastrointestinal biopsy; Helicobacter infection; Helicobacter pylori; human; human tissue; intestine metaplasia; major clinical study; male; multivariate analysis; priority journal; prospective study; stomach adenocarcinoma; stomach lymphoma; stomach ulcer; Adenocarcinoma; Chi-Square Distribution; Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal; Female; Helicobacter Infections; Helicobacter pylori; Humans; Incidence; Logistic Models; Male; Middle Aged; Prospective Studies; Risk Factors; Stomach Neoplasms; Taiwan
|Appears in Collections:||醫學系|
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