|Title:||Clinical fracture site, morphologic and histopathologic characteristics of cemental tear: Role in endodontic lesions||Authors:||Lin H.-J.
|Issue Date:||2012||Journal Volume:||38||Journal Issue:||8||Start page/Pages:||941-947||Source:||Journal of Endodontics||Abstract:||
Introduction: Clinical research regarding the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of cemental tear is limited in the endodontic literature. The objective of this study was to evaluate the morphology, apicocoronal location, and the histologic characteristics of cemental tear. Methods: The material was collected during 1987-2009 and consisted of 54 teeth that were presented with cemental tears by histologic examination. To investigate the atypical prospects among the groups of each variable, a series of the Poisson χ2 goodness-of-fit tests were conducted to test for a fit of a discrete, uniform distribution. Results: Cemental tear occurred mainly in incisors (74.1%), proximal root surfaces (79.6%), male patients (74.1%), and patients older than 60 years (72.3%). They were noted often in the middle third of root (45.3%), but 41.5% of cemental tears were noted over the apical region. The morphology of cemental tear was either small/thin piece-shaped (77.4% cases) involving 1 root surface or U-shaped (22.6%) involving >1 root surface. The size of cemental tear had an average length of 3.8 mm, width of 2.2 mm, and thickness of 0.9 mm. The separations of cemental tears occurred at cementodentinal junction (77.6%) relative to cementum (22.4%). The adhered soft tissue was either granulation tissue (92.3%) or cyst (7.7%). Conclusions: Cemental tear mainly occurs in incisors of male and older persons. It is also popularly noted in the apical region mimicking an endodontic lesion and some with cystic change. Clinically, endodontists should know this disease entity, make accurate early diagnosis, and totally remove the cemental tear during apical surgery to improve the prognosis. ? 2012 American Association of Endodontists.
|ISSN:||0099-2399||DOI:||10.1016/j.joen.2012.04.011||metadata.dc.subject.other:||age; aged; article; cementum; dentin; early diagnosis; female; granulation tissue; human; incisor; injury; male; middle aged; molar tooth; odontogenic cyst; pathology; periodontal ligament; premolar tooth; sex difference; tooth fracture; tooth pulp disease; tooth root; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Bicuspid; Dental Cementum; Dental Pulp Diseases; Dentin; Early Diagnosis; Female; Granulation Tissue; Humans; Incisor; Male; Middle Aged; Molar; Periodontal Ligament; Radicular Cyst; Sex Factors; Tooth Apex; Tooth Fractures; Tooth Root
|Appears in Collections:||臨床牙醫學研究所|
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