|dc.contributor.author||Chang, Fan Chi||en|
|dc.contributor.author||Liu, Jia Sin||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Backgrounds: Metabolic syndrome is a subclinical status in promoting atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The significance of metabolic syndrome and pathophysiology in chronic kidney disease is not investigated. Methods: We enrolled adult patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 from December 2006 to December 2007. Metabolic syndrome was defined by the US National Cholesterol Education Programme Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines. Plasma levels of angiogenic growth factors were measured. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used. Results: Total 451 patients were analyzed with median estimated glomerular filtration rate of 27.0 ml/min per 1.73m2 (interquartile range 14.3–41.3). Patients with metabolic syndrome were older (P = 0.002), had higher percentage using diuretics (P = 0.002) but lower percentage using pentoxifylline (P = 0.017). Patients with metabolic syndrome had higher levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (P < 0.0001), uric acid (P = 0.009) and angiopoietin-2 (P = 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed significant association between plasma levels of angiopoietin-2 and metabolic syndrome (P = 0.042). Conclusions: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in advanced CKD was higher than general population. CKD patients with metabolic syndrome had higher levels of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, uric acid and angiopoietin-2. Plasma levels of angiopoietin-2 were significantly associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with CKD. Metabolic syndrome in CKD may be not only a prognostic factor but also an interventional target, possibly through ameliorating inflammation. Prospective and interventional studies are necessary to establish the pathophysiology.||en|
|dc.relation.ispartof||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association||en|
|dc.subject||Angiopoietin-2 | Chronic kidney disease | Endothelial dysfunction | Inflammation | Metabolic syndrome||en|
|dc.title||Angiopoietin-2 is associated with metabolic syndrome in chronic kidney disease||en|
|Appears in Collections:||醫學教育暨生醫倫理學科所|
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