|Title:||Clinical Utility of FDG PET/CT in Patients with Autoimmune Pancreatitis: a Case-Control Study||Authors:||Cheng, Mei-Fang
|Issue Date:||2018||Journal Volume:||8||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Scientific reports||Abstract:||
Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) shares overlapping clinical features with pancreatic cancer (PC). Importantly, treatment of the two conditions is different. We investigated the clinical usefulness of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in patients with suspected AIP before treatment. From September 2008 to July 2016, 53 patients with suspected AIP at National Taiwan University Hospital had PET/CT prior to therapy to exclude malignancy and evaluate the extent of inflammation. Their scans were compared with those from 61 PC patients. PET imaging features were analyzed using logistic regression. Significant differences in pancreatic tumor uptake morphology, maximum standardized uptake value, high-order primary tumor texture feature (i.e. high-gray level zone emphasis value), and numbers and location of extrapancreatic foci were found between AIP and PC. Using the prediction model, the area under curve of receiver-operator curve was 0.95 (P < 0.0001) with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive, and negative predictive values of 90.6%, 84.0%, 87.9%, and 87.5% respectively, in differentiating AIP from PC. FDG PET/CT offers high sensitivity, albeit slightly lower specificity in differentiating AIP from PC. Nonetheless, additional systemic inflammatory foci detected by the whole body PET/CT help confirm diagnosis of AIP in these patients before initiating steroid therapy, especially when biopsy is inconclusive.
fluorodeoxyglucose f 18; autoimmune disease; case control study; diagnostic imaging; differential diagnosis; human; pancreas tumor; pancreatitis; positron emission tomography-computed tomography; procedures; statistical model; Autoimmune Diseases; Case-Control Studies; Diagnosis, Differential; Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; Humans; Logistic Models; Pancreatic Neoplasms; Pancreatitis; Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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