|Title:||Low-Energy-Consumption and Electret-Free Photosynaptic Transistor Utilizing Poly(3-hexylthiophene)-Based Conjugated Block Copolymers||Authors:||Yang W.-C
|Keywords:||Charge trapping;Electrets;Energy utilization;Insulating materials;Insulation;Transistors;2-vinylpyridine;Advanced science;Block co polymers;Conjugated block copolymers;Highly parallels;Low energy consumption;Neuromorphic;Parallel Computation;Poly (3-hexylthiophene);Self-learning;Block copolymers||Issue Date:||2022||Source:||Advanced Science||Abstract:||
Neuromorphic computation possesses the advantages of self-learning, highly parallel computation, and low energy consumption, and is of great promise to overcome the bottleneck of von Neumann computation. In this work, a series of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)-based block copolymers (BCPs) with different coil segments, including polystyrene, poly(2-vinylpyridine) (P2VP), poly(2-vinylnaphthalene), and poly(butyl acrylate), are utilized in photosynaptic transistor to emulate paired-pulse facilitation, spike time/rate-dependent plasticity, short/long-term neuroplasticity, and learning?forgetting?relearning processes. P3HT serves as a carrier transport channel and a photogate, while the insulating coils with electrophilic groups are for charge trapping and preservation. Three main factors are unveiled to govern the properties of these P3HT-based BCPs: i) rigidity of the insulating coil, ii) energy levels between the constituent polymers, and iii) electrophilicity of the insulating coil. Accordingly, P3HT-b-P2VP-based photosynaptic transistor with a sought-after BCP combination demonstrates long-term memory behavior with current contrast up to 105, short-term memory behavior with high paired-pulse facilitation ratio of 1.38, and an ultralow energy consumption of 0.56 fJ at an operating voltage of ?0.0003?V. As far as it is known, this is the first work to utilize conjugated BCPs in an electret-free photosynaptic transistor showing great potential to the artificial intelligence technology. ? 2022 The Authors. Advanced Science published by Wiley-VCH GmbH
|Appears in Collections:||化學工程學系|
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