|Title:||CT myelography for differential diagnosis between intramedullary and intradural-extramedullary spinal tumors in the region of the conus medullaris||Authors:||Wang, T C
Huang, K M
Liu, H M
Hsu, C Y
|Issue Date:||Jan-1991||Journal Volume:||90||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi||Abstract:||
We reviewed the myelograms and computed tomographic myelograms of 12 cases of intraspinal tumor with a "cupping sign" on the myelogram in the region of the conus medullaris from 1986 to 1988. There were 5 intramedullary tumors, 4 of them having an exophytic component, and 7 intradural-extramedullary tumors. The myelograms revealed that 4 of the 5 intramedullary tumors showed expansion and the outline of the conus medullaris was irregular, whereas 1 of the tumors showed smooth compression (crescent-shaped) and displacement of the conus medullaris. Six of the 7 intradural-extramedullary tumors showed smooth compression and displacement of the conus medullaris, while 1 of the tumors had caused expansion of the conus medullaris. Complete blockage of the passage of the contrast medium was noted in 3 of the 5 intramedullary tumors, while a partial block was noted in 3 of the 7 intradural-extramedullary tumors. Two of the 7 intradural-extramedulllary tumors showed an extradural tumor component, such as a dumb-bell tumor and a enlarged intervertebral neural foramen. Tumor calcification was noted in 1 of the 7 intradural-extramedullary tumors. Dural ectasia was noted in 2 of the 7 intradural-extramedullary tumors which were later proven to be neurofibromatosis. We conclude that smooth compression (crescent-shaped) and displacement of the conus medullaris, existence of an extradural tumor component, and eroded intervertebral neural foramina favor intradural-extramedullary tumors, while expansion and a conus medullaris with an irregular outline favors intramedullary tumors.
|Appears in Collections:||醫學院附設醫院 (臺大醫院)|
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