|Title:||Secular Trends of Clinical Characteristics and Survival of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Taiwan from 2011 to 2019||Authors:||Kee, Kwong-Ming
|Keywords:||age; gender; hepatitis B virus; hepatitis C virus; hepatocellular carcinoma; non-B and non-C viral hepatitis; survival||Issue Date:||31-Dec-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||15||Journal Issue:||1||Source:||Viruses||Abstract:||
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a major cause of cancer death in Taiwan, and in the past 30-40 years, Taiwan has been committed to its prevention and treatment. We aimed to investigate the secular trends of characteristics and the survival of HCC in recent decades after making increased efforts. Between 2011 and 2019, a total of 73,817 cases were enrolled from the TCR database. The overall male-to-female ratio was 7/3. The overall, male and female mean ages increased from 63.8 to 66.1 years, 62.0 to 64.3 years and 68.3 to 70.4 years, respectively. After dividing by viral etiologies and gender, the mean age showed increasing trends in all subgroups. The proportions of HBV-HCC, HCV-HCC, HBV+HCV-HCC and Non-HBV+non-HCV-HCC were 48.3%, 25.2%, 5.3% and 21.3% in males, compared with 25.5%, 48.6%, 5.3% and 20.5% in females, respectively. The 5-year survival rates of BCLC stages 0, A, B, C and D were 70%, 58%, 34%, 11% and 4%, respectively. The proportion of BCLC stage 0 increased from 6.2% to 11.3%. Multivariate analysis showed that being female, older age, diagnostic year, BCLC stages, hospital level, body mass index, smoking, alcohol consumption, AFP, Child-Pugh classification and HBV/HCV status were independent predictors for survival. In recent decades, the overall survival of HCC in Taiwan has been improving and might be partly associated with increased BCLC 0 and Child-Pugh A patients, while with the consequent age of patients increasing over time. The proportion of viral-related HCC is decreasing, while nonviral-related HCC is increasing.
|Appears in Collections:||流行病學與預防醫學研究所|
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