|Title:||Onsite restorative effect of a rural ecological farm versus an urban public greenery space||Authors:||Tung, YH
|Keywords:||Onsite landscapes; Electromyography; Attention restorativeness; Stress recovery; HEALTH-BENEFITS; SHINRIN-YOKU; STRESS; ENVIRONMENTS; FOREST; EXPERIENCE; RECOVERY; PREFERENCES; RESPONSES; EXPOSURE||Issue Date:||2023||Publisher:||SPRINGER JAPAN KK||Source:||LANDSCAPE AND ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING||Abstract:||
Accessible urban greenery allows short breaks and leisure activities while experiencing nature. Studies have shown that contact with nature elicits psychological and physical health benefits. However, the immediate impact and influence of exposure to artificial versus rural ecological nature have yet to be examined. This study investigates their psychophysiological restorative effects onsite, specifically when individuals view a ubiquitous urban public greenery space or a more indigenous ecological forest-like nature area, to compare levels of restorativeness and relaxation. Participants were asked to sit and view a scene onsite for 6 min while their facial muscle tension was recorded. The data were used to evaluate the degree of facial relaxation for both scenes. In addition, participant self-reports measured perceived restorativeness after the 6-min period. The self-reported data showed that the ecological farm scene was rated significantly higher for perceived restorativeness (t [49.136] = 9.094, p <.001) after 6 min of viewing. The muscle tension analysis showed that facial tension significantly declined when participants viewed the farm scene compared to the urban greenery space. These results, especially those on the farm, show that nature with more forest-like and rural elements elicited more powerful restorative effects and significantly lowered facial muscle tension (t  = − 2.785, p <.05), thus verifying that a more ecological nature landscape provides immediate, significant health benefits through attention recovery and reduced facial muscle stress.
|Appears in Collections:||園藝暨景觀學系|
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