|Title:||Modeling of argon-steam thermal plasma flow for abatement of fluorinated compounds||Authors:||Jeništa, Jiří
Chien, Sheng Wei
Murphy, Anthony B.
|Keywords:||combined diffusion coefficients | hybrid-stabilized electric arc | inhomogeneous mixing | mole fraction | plasma species||Issue Date:||15-Sep-2022||Publisher:||IOP Publishing Ltd||Journal Volume:||55||Journal Issue:||37||Source:||Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics||Abstract:||
This study presents a numerical model of the hybrid-stabilized argon-steam thermal DC plasma torch of a new design for generating an argon-steam plasma suitable for efficient abatement of persistent perfluorinated compounds. The model includes the discharge region and the plasma jet flowing to the surrounding steam atmosphere contained in a plasma-chemical chamber. Compared to previous studies, the torch had a smaller nozzle diameter (5.3 mm) and a reduced input power (20-40 kW) and arc current (120-220 A). The outlet region for the plasma jet extends to 20 cm downstream of the exit nozzle. Fluid dynamic and thermal characteristics together with diffusion of argon, hydrogen and oxygen species, and distribution of plasma species in the discharge and the plasma jet are obtained for currents from 120 to 220 A. The results of the calculations show that the plasma jet exhibits high spatiotemporal fluctuations in the shear layer between the plasma jet and colder steam atmosphere. The most abundant species in the plasma jet are hydrogen and oxygen atoms near the jet center, and molecules of H2, O2 and OH in colder surrounding regions. Satisfactory agreement is obtained with measurements of the radial temperature and electron number density profiles near the jet center close to the nozzle exit.
|Appears in Collections:||工程科學及海洋工程學系|
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