|Follow-up care and assessment of comorbidities and complications in patients with primary aldosteronism: The clinical practice guideline of the Taiwan Society of aldosteronism
|Comorbidity; Complication; Follow-up care; Glucocorticoid; Hyperaldosteronism
|Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common form of endocrine hypertension, characterized by excess aldosterone production that leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular events and target organ damage. Both adrenalectomy and medical treatment have shown efficacy in improving clinical outcomes and comorbidities associated with PA, including a specific subtype of PA with autonomous cortisol secretion (ACS). Understanding the comorbidities of PA and establishing appropriate follow-up protocols after treatment are crucial for physicians to enhance morbidity and mortality outcomes in patients with PA. Additionally, the screening for hypercortisolism prior to surgery is essential, as the prognosis of patients with coexisting PA and ACS differs from those with PA alone. In this review, we comprehensively summarize the comorbidities of PA, encompassing cardiovascular, renal, and metabolic complications. We also discuss various post-treatment outcomes and provide insights into the strategy for glucocorticoid replacement in patients with overt or subclinical hypercortisolism. This clinical practice guideline aims to equip medical professionals with up-to-date information on managing concurrent hypercortisolism, assessing treatment outcomes, and addressing comorbidities in patients with PA, thereby improving follow-up care.
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