|Title:||Fast and Slow Responses of the Tropical Pacific to Radiative Forcing in Northern High Latitudes||Authors:||Tseng, Hung Yi
Xie, Shang Ping
Kang, Sarah M.
Luongo, Matthew T.
|Keywords:||Atmosphere-ocean interaction | General circulation models | Pacific Ocean | Sea surface temperature | Teleconnections||Issue Date:||1-Aug-2023||Journal Volume:||36||Journal Issue:||16||Start page/Pages:||5337||Source:||Journal of Climate||Abstract:||
This study investigates the transient evolution of tropical Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) responses to a constant northern high-latitude solar heating in fully coupled CESM 1.2. The study identifies two stages through multiple ensemble runs. 1) In the first 3 years, a hemispherically asymmetric pattern emerges, caused by air–sea interactions associated with the anomalous cross-equatorial Hadley cell. The northern tropics experience warming that is blocked north of the equator by the intertropical convergence zone. The southeast Pacific cooling reaches the equatorial region and is amplified by the equatorial Ekman divergence. 2) Within a decade, the equatorial cooling is replaced by warming in the eastern equatorial basin. The anomalous warming that appears faster than the time scales of the oceanic ventilation is attributed to anomalous meridional heat convergence and weakening of the northern subtropical cell. Our findings highlight the influence of ocean dynamics on the temporal and spatial evolution of tropical SST response to hemispherically asymmetric heating. The initial cooling caused by Ekman divergence delays the arrival of slow warming, while initial wind and temperature anomalies set the stage for the weakening of the subtropical cell. The results have important implications for understanding the evolution of tropical SST patterns in observational records and future climate change simulations, as they show strong interhemispheric temperature asymmetry in the extratropics.
|Appears in Collections:||大氣科學系|
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