|Title:||Allopatric Lineage Divergence of the East Asian Endemic Herb Conandron ramondioides Inferred from Low-Copy Nuclear and Plastid Markers||Authors:||Hsin, Kuan-Ting
|Keywords:||Conandron; least-cost path; ornamental plant; single-copy nuclear marker; vicariance||Issue Date:||29-Nov-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Journal Volume:||23||Journal Issue:||23||Start page/Pages:||14932||Source:||International journal of molecular sciences||Abstract:||
The evolutionary histories of ornamental plants have been receiving only limited attention. We examined the origin and divergence processes of an East Asian endemic ornamental plant, Conandron ramondioides. C. ramondioides is an understory herb occurring in primary forests, which has been grouped into two varieties. We reconstructed the evolutionary and population demography history of C. ramondioides to infer its divergence process. Nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences were obtained from 21 Conandron populations on both sides of the East China Sea (ECS) to explore its genetic diversity, structure, and population differentiation. Interestingly, the reconstructed phylogeny indicated that the populations should be classified into three clades corresponding to geographical regions: the Japan (Honshu+Shikoku) clade, the Taiwan-Iriomote clade, and the Southeast China clade. Lineage divergence between the Japan clade and the Taiwan-Iriomote and Southeast China clades occured 1.14 MYA (95% HPD: 0.82-3.86), followed by divergence between the Taiwan-Iriomote and Southeast China clades approximately 0.75 MYA (95% HPD: 0.45-1.3). Furthermore, corolla traits (floral lobe length to tube length ratios) correlated with geographical distributions. Moreover, restricted gene flow was detected among clades. Lastly, the lack of potential dispersal routes across an exposed ECS seafloor during the last glacial maximum suggests that migration among the Conandron clades was unlikely. In summary, the extant Conandron exhibits a disjunct distribution pattern as a result of vicariance rather than long-distance dispersal. We propose that allopatric divergence has occurred in C. ramondioides since the Pleistocene. Our findings highlight the critical influence of species' biological characteristics on shaping lineage diversification of East Asian relic herb species during climate oscillations since the Quaternary.
|Appears in Collections:||生命科學系|
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