摘要：本計畫擬以二年期間（2007年8月至2009年7月）至北東南亞寮國Luang Namtha與Muang Sing兩鎮區，進行Tai-Lue人「族群生命史」的研究。研究人員將從兩地（前者僅一村，後者有十數村）Lue人的族群移動過程，探討族群性根植的要因及其外現的樣態，再從中以「族群生命史」之概念，說明內造與外顯之族群屬性與歷史經驗、歷史觀、或日常生活中之歷史判準息息相關。
Abstract: In this project, I plan to spend three years to study the Lue in both Luang Namtha and Muang Sing where are located in northern Laos. I would suggest to adopt the methodology of “ethnic life history” to analyze the three villages that the project will cover. There is only one Lue village in Luang Namtha area, but there are more than ten in Muang Sing township. The Lue as “minority” and as ‘majority” indicates different modes of expressing ethnicity from the internal roots and external performances. I would maintain that ethnicity definitely has close relationships with historical experiences, historical consciousness and history sense in daily life. I expect to develop a model of integrating anthropology of history and theory of ethnicity in order to establish an approach of analyzing ethnic-state and “independent” village as various groups of the Lue found many places in northern southeast Asia.
The “inner-creation” or “inner-construction” of ethnicity, in my view, refers to the way an ethnic group internalize “history” into immediate content of daily life. From the content of daily life, we can not only find “history”, but also view “history” as the foundation of an ethnic group’s formation. The content of “history”, of course, may change along with ethnic migration. It may also directly affect the composition of living content. In short, the ethnicity of inner-creation/ inner-construction is based on the dialectical process of “historical content” and “living content”, which exists in people’s intrinsic thought, inner-ethnic conversation, and daily life. As for the ethnicity of “outer-creation” or “outer-expression” refers to the expressive form of an ethnic group which coordinate with the outer environment under the collision of a nation’s ethnic classification system, national cultural construction, international tourism and regional economic model etc.. Both the processes of inner and outer construction are part of ethnic life history. The ethnicity of inner-creation/ inner-construction certainly exist, however, the ethnicity of outer-creation/ outer-expression does not necessarily or inevitably exist. This three-year research project tries to take the fieldwork of two townships, Luang Namtha and Muang Sing, as examples to fully explain the arguments above.
northern southeast Asia
Lue in township
ethnic life history
migration & rootedness