The relevance between literature and movie－A study on “RASHOMON”
|關鍵字:||影像;境界;心境;黑茫茫的大雨世界;光亮的雨後天晴;證言場所;事件的第三者;私利主義;樵夫的自白;虛無;積極性;黑暗;陽光;相信善良人性;敘事者;野性之美;the picture in the movie;gate;boundary;the pouring dark night;the sunny sky;the place confessed by the defendants in the murder case;the outsider of the murder case;egoism;nihilism;forwardness;darkness;shining sunlight;believing in the humanity;narrator;the beauty of brutality||公開日期:||2007||摘要:||本論文主要是在比較芥川龍之介的小說『羅生門』(1915)、『竹藪中』(1922)和黑澤明的電影『羅生門』(1950)之間的關係。直到目前為止，就芥川的這兩部小說和其改編電影之間相關性的研究，都將重點放在小說『竹藪中』上，但筆者認為小說『羅生門』對電影的影響也不可忽視。因此本論除了就小說『羅生門』對電影的影響進行了研究之外，也試著探討電影如何透過「影像」的獨特手法來表現亦或轉換兩部小說的主題。
The comparison between the two novels “RASHOMON” (Ryunosuke Akutagawa, 1915), “IN A BUSH” (Ryunosuke Akutagawa, 1922) and the movie “RASHOMON” (Akira Kurosawa, 1950) is mainly investigated in this thesis. The researches in the past have focused on the novel “IN A BUSH” while looking into the relationship between Ryunosuke’s two novels and adaptations; however, the influence by the novel “RASHOMON” should not be neglected and it will be emphasized in this study as well. In addition, the mechanism through pictures in the movies to present and transform the topics of these two novels will also be addressed. In the novel “RASHOMON”, “the gate” delivered the implication of “boundary”. The servant in this novel met the old woman and had a conflict at the gate. Through this path, this servant escaped from an atmosphere of death then entered what Ryunosuke called space that far apart from the real world. Furthermore, the expression of “boundary” in the novel can also be observed in the movie. The gate in the novel implied “real world” and “other spaces”; however, the gate in the movie only indicated “real world”, that is, one’s state of mind. The evidence supporting this thesis can be proved though the pictures in the movie: the servant who believed in egoism left the “RASHOMON” after taking the kimono off from the baby then walked into the pouring dark night. Instead, the firewood dealer and the priest who both awaked at the end and trusted humanity saw the sunny sky. Comparing the novel “IN A BUSH” to the movie “RASHOMON”, the difference can be definitely clarified by the two main points: one was the places confessed by the defendants in the murder case, and the other one was the allowance of the outsider to involve or not. Moreover, the egoism was stressed by the individual different opinions in the novel “IN A BUSH”. In contrast, the movie offered the firewood dealer’s confession as a basis of other confessions. Although the firewood dealer was on the sidelines, he could not honestly accuse who the murder was at the end. Akira Kurosawa used the techniques of “pictures” to examine the firewood dealer’s lie and accentuated the ugly humanity further. From the novels “RASHOMON” to “IN A BUSH”, the “nihilism” and passivism were highlighted. In the novel “RASHOMON”, the forwardness to fight the real world, which is full of egoism, can be noticed through the conflict between the servant and the old woman. However, this forwardness disappeared in the novel “IN A BUSH”, and left with the atmosphere of darkness. Opposite to the novel, the attitude of forwardness was significantly shown after discovering the ugly humanity in the movie. The sunlight shining in gate in the final part of the movie delivered the idea that believing in the humanity can overcome any obstruction no matter how ugly the real world is. Therefore, the major difference between the movie and the novel was clearly addressed. This difference was verified from several techniques by the narrator in the novel as well. The novels “RASHOMON” to “IN A BUSH” were originally from the classical literature “The Konjaku Tales”. According to Ryunosuke, the spirit in “The Konjaku Tales” was the beauty of brutality by drawing evil and ill and human’s nature without modification. In summary, this thesis concludes the comparison and discussion about the beauty of brutality showing in the novels “RASHOMON” to “IN A BUSH” and the movie “RASHOMON”.
在 IR 系統中的文件，除了特別指名其著作權條款之外，均受到著作權保護，並且保留所有的權利。